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Internet: nur so eine Idee

Sorry Jungs, war nur sonne Idee:

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The Internet Apologizes …

Something has gone wrong with the internet. Even Mark Zuckerberg knows it. Testifying before Congress, the Facebook CEO ticked off a list of everything his platform has screwed up, from fake news and foreign meddling in the 2016 election to hate speech and data privacy. “We didn’t take a broad enough view of our responsibility,” he confessed. Then he added the words that everyone was waiting for: “I’m sorry.”

There have always been outsiders who criticized the tech industry — even if their concerns have been drowned out by the oohs and aahs of consumers, investors, and journalists. But today, the most dire warnings are coming from the heart of Silicon Valley itself. The man who oversaw the creation of the original iPhone believes the device he helped build is too addictive. The inventor of the World Wide Web fears his creation is being “weaponized.” Even Sean Parker, Facebook’s first president, has blasted social media as a dangerous form of psychological manipulation. “God only knows what it’s doing to our children’s brains,” he lamented recently.

To understand what went wrong — how the Silicon Valley dream of building a networked utopia turned into a globalized strip-mall casino overrun by pop-up ads and cyberbullies and Vladimir Putin — we spoke to more than a dozen architects of our digital present. If the tech industry likes to assume the trappings of a religion, complete with a quasi-messianic story of progress, the Church of Tech is now giving rise to a new sect of apostates, feverishly confessing their own sins. And the internet’s original sin, as these programmers and investors and CEOs make clear, was its business model.

To keep the internet free — while becoming richer, faster, than anyone in history — the technological elite needed something to attract billions of users to the ads they were selling. And that something, it turns out, was outrage. As Jaron Lanier, a pioneer in virtual reality, points out, anger is the emotion most effective at driving “engagement” — which also makes it, in a market for attention, the most profitable one. By creating a self-perpetuating loop of shock and recrimination, social media further polarized what had already seemed, during the Obama years, an impossibly and irredeemably polarized country.

The advertising model of the internet was different from anything that came before. Whatever you might say about broadcast advertising, it drew you into a kind of community, even if it was a community of consumers. The culture of the social-media era, by contrast, doesn’t draw you anywhere. It meets you exactly where you are, with your preferences and prejudices — at least as best as an algorithm can intuit them. “Microtargeting” is nothing more than a fancy term for social atomization — a business logic that promises community while promoting its opposite.

Why, over the past year, has Silicon Valley begun to regret the foundational elements of its own success? The obvious answer is November 8, 2016. For all that he represented a contravention of its lofty ideals, Donald Trump was elected, in no small part, by the internet itself. Twitter served as his unprecedented direct-mail-style megaphone, Google helped pro-Trump forces target users most susceptible to crass Islamophobia, the digital clubhouses of Reddit and 4chan served as breeding grounds for the alt-right, and Facebook became the weapon of choice for Russian trolls and data-scrapers like Cambridge Analytica. Instead of producing a techno-utopia, the internet suddenly seemed as much a threat to its creator class as it had previously been their herald.

What we’re left with are increasingly divided populations of resentful users, now joined in their collective outrage by Silicon Valley visionaries no longer in control of the platforms they built. The unregulated, quasi-autonomous, imperial scale of the big tech companies multiplies any rational fears about them — and also makes it harder to figure out an effective remedy. Could a subscription model reorient the internet’s incentives, valuing user experience over ad-driven outrage? Could smart regulations provide greater data security? Or should we break up these new monopolies entirely in the hope that fostering more competition would give consumers more options?

Silicon Valley, it turns out, won’t save the world. But those who built the internet have provided us with a clear and disturbing account of why everything went so wrong — how the technology they created has been used to undermine the very aspects of a free society that made that technology possible in the first place. —Max Read and David Wallace-Wells

The Architects

(In order of appearance.)

Jaron Lanier, virtual-reality pioneer. Founded first company to sell VR goggles; worked at Atari and Microsoft.

Antonio García Martínez, ad-tech entrepreneur. Helped create Facebook’s ad machine.

Ellen Pao, former CEO of Reddit. Filed major gender-discrimination lawsuit against VC firm Kleiner Perkins.

Can Duruk, programmer and tech writer. Served as project lead at Uber.

Kate Losse, Facebook employee No. 51. Served as Mark Zuckerberg’s speechwriter.

Tristan Harris, product designer. Wrote internal Google presentation about addictive and unethical design.

Rich “Lowtax” Kyanka, entrepreneur who founded influential message board Something Awful.

Ethan Zuckerman, MIT media scholar. Invented the pop-up ad.

Dan McComas, former product chief at Reddit. Founded community-based platform Imzy.

Sandy Parakilas, product manager at Uber. Ran privacy compliance for Facebook apps.

Guillaume Chaslot, AI researcher. Helped develop YouTube’s algorithmic recommendation system.

Roger McNamee, VC investor. Introduced Mark Zuckerberg to Sheryl Sandberg.

Richard Stallman, MIT programmer. Created legendary software GNU and Emacs.

How It Went Wrong, in 15 Steps

Step 1

Start With Hippie Good Intentions …

Steve Jobs (left) in his parents’ garage in 1976, working on the first Apple computer with Steve Wozniak. Photo: Db Apple/Polaris

The Silicon Valley dream was born of the counterculture. A generation of computer programmers and designers flocked to the Bay Area’s tech scene in the 1970s and ’80s, embracing new technology as a tool to transform the world for good.

Jaron Lanier: If you go back to the origins of Silicon Valley culture, there were these big, traditional companies like IBM that seemed to be impenetrable fortresses. We had to create our own world. To us, we were the underdogs, and we had to struggle.

Antonio García Martínez: I’m old enough to remember the early days of the internet. A lot of the “Save the world” stuff comes from the origins in the Valley. The hippie flower children dropped out, and Silicon Valley was this alternative to mainstream industrial life. Steve Jobs would never have gotten a job at IBM. The original internet was built by super-geeky engineers who didn’t fully understand the commercial implications of it. They could muck around, and it didn’t matter.

Ellen Pao: I think two things are at the root of the present crisis. One was the idealistic view of the internet — the idea that this is the great place to share information and connect with like-minded people. The second part was the people who started these companies were very homogeneous. You had one set of experiences, one set of views, that drove all of the platforms on the internet. So the combination of this belief that the internet was a bright, positive place and the very similar people who all shared that view ended up creating platforms that were designed and oriented around free speech.

Can Duruk: Going to work for Facebook or Google was always this extreme moral positive. You were going to Facebook not to work but to make the world more open and connected. You go to Google to index the world’s knowledge and make it available. Or you go to Uber to make transportation affordable for everyone. A lot of people really bought into those ideals.

Kate Losse: My experience at Facebook was that there was this very moralistic sense of the mission: of connecting people, connecting the world. It’s hard to argue with that. What’s wrong with connecting people? Nothing, right?

Step 2

… Then mix in capitalism on steroids.

To transform the world, you first need to take it over. The planetary scale and power envisioned by Silicon Valley’s early hippies turned out to be as well suited for making money as they were for saving the world.

Lanier: We wanted everything to be free, because we were hippie socialists. But we also loved entrepreneurs, because we loved Steve Jobs. So you want to be both a socialist and a libertarian at the same time, which is absurd.

Tristan Harris: It’s less and less about the things that got many of the technologists I know into this industry in the first place, which was to create “bicycles for our mind,” as Steve Jobs used to say. It became this kind of puppet-master effect, where all of these products are puppet-mastering all these different users. That was really bad.

Lanier: We disrupted absolutely everything: politics, finance, education, media, family relationships, romantic relationships. We won — we just totally won. But having won, we have no sense of balance or modesty or graciousness. We’re still acting as if we’re in trouble and we have to defend ourselves. So we kind of turned into assholes, you know?

Rich Kyanka: Social media was supposed to be about, “Hey, Grandma. How are you?” Now it’s like, “Oh my God, did you see what she wore yesterday? What a fucking cow that bitch is.” Everything is toxic — and that has to do with the internet itself. It was founded to connect people all over the world. But now you can meet people all over the world and then murder them in virtual reality and rape their pets.

Step 3

The arrival of Wall Streeters didn’t help …

Just as Facebook became the first overnight social-media success, the stock market crashed, sending money-minded investors westward toward the tech industry. Before long, a handful of companies had created a virtual monopoly on digital life.

Pao: It all goes back to Facebook. It was a success so quickly, and was so admired, that it changed the culture. It went from “I’m going to improve people’s lives” to “I’m going to build this product that everybody uses so I can make a lot of money.” Then Google went public, and all of a sudden you have these instant billionaires. No longer did you have to toil for decades. So in 2008, when the markets crashed, all those people from Wall Street who were motivated by money ended up coming out to Silicon Valley and going into tech. That’s when values shifted even more. The early, unfounded optimism about good coming out of the internet ended up getting completely distorted in the 2000s, when you had these people coming in with a different set of goals.

García: I think Silicon Valley has changed. After a while, the whole thing became more sharp-elbowed. It wasn’t hippies showing up anymore. There was a lot more of the libertarian, screw-the-government ethos, that whole idea of move fast, break things, and damn the consequences. It still flies under this marketing shell of “making the world a better place.” But under the covers, it’s this almost sociopathic scene.

Ethan Zuckerman: Over the last decade, the social-media platforms have been working to make the web almost irrelevant. Facebook would, in many ways, prefer that we didn’t have the internet. They’d prefer that we had Facebook.

García: If email were being invented now and Mark Zuckerberg had concocted it, it would be a vertically integrated, proprietary thing that nobody could build on.

Step 4

… And we paid a high price for keeping it free.

To avoid charging for the internet — while becoming fabulously rich at the same time — Silicon Valley turned to digital advertising. But to sell ads that target individual users, you need to grow a big audience — and use advancing technology to gather reams of personal data that will enable you to reach them efficiently.

Kyanka: Around 2000, after the dot-com bust, people were trying as hard as they could to recoup money through ads. So they wanted more people on their platforms. They didn’t care if people were crappy. They didn’t care if the people were good. They just wanted more bodies with different IP addresses loading up ads.

Harris: There was pressure from venture capital to grow really, really quickly. There’s a graph showing how many years it took different companies to get to 100 million users. It used to take ten years, but now you can do it in six months. So if you’re competing with other start-ups for funding, it depends on your ability to grow usage very quickly. Everyone in the tech industry is in denial. We think we’re making the world more open and connected, when in fact the game is just: How do I drive lots of engagement?

Dan McComas: The incentive structure is simply growth at all costs. I can tell you that from the inside, the board never asks about revenue. They honestly don’t care, and they said as much. They’re only asking about growth. When I was at Reddit, there was never a conversation at any board meeting about the users, or things that were going on that were bad, or potential dangers.

Pao: Reddit, when I was there, was about growth at all costs.

McComas: The classic comment that would come up in every board meeting was “Why aren’t you growing faster?” We’d say, “Well, we’ve grown by 40 million visitors since the last board meeting.” And the response was “That’s slower than the internet is growing — that’s not enough. You have to grow more.” Ultimately, that’s why Ellen and I were let go.

Pao: When you look at how much money Facebook and Google and YouTube print every day, it’s all about building the user base. Building engagement was important, and they didn’t care about the nature of engagement. Or maybe they did, but in a bad way. The more people who got angry on those sites — Reddit especially — the more engagement you would get.

Harris: If you’re YouTube, you want people to register as many accounts as possible, uploading as many videos as possible, driving as many views to those videos as possible, so you can generate lots of activity that you can sell to advertisers. So whether or not the users are real human beings or Russian bots, whether or not the videos are real or conspiracy theories or disturbing content aimed at kids, you don’t really care. You’re just trying to drive engagement to the stuff and maximize all that activity. So everything stems from this engagement-based business model that incentivizes the most mindless things that harm the fabric of society.

Lanier: What started out as advertising morphed into continuous behavior modification on a mass basis, with everyone under surveillance by their devices and receiving calculated stimulus to modify them. It’s a horrible thing that was foreseen by science-fiction writers. It’s straight out of Philip K. Dick or 1984. And despite all the warnings, we just walked right into it and created mass behavior-modification regimes out of our digital networks. We did it out of this desire to be both cool socialists and cool libertarians at the same time.

Zuckerman: As soon as you’re saying “I need to put you under surveillance so I can figure out what you want and meet your needs better,” you really have to ask yourself the questions “Am I in the right business? Am I doing this the right way?”

Kyanka: It’s really sad, because you have hundreds and hundreds of bigwig, smarty-pants guys at all these analytic firms, and they’re trying to drill down into the numbers and figure out what kind of goods and products people want. But they only care about the metrics. They say, “Well, this person is really interested in AR-15s. He buys ammunition in bulk. He really likes Alex Jones. He likes surveying hotels for the best vantage points.” They look at that and they say, “Let’s serve him these ads. This is how we’re going to make our money.” And they don’t care beyond that.

Harris: We cannot afford the advertising business model. The price of free is actually too high. It is literally destroying our society, because it incentivizes automated systems that have these inherent flaws. Cambridge Analytica is the easiest way of explaining why that’s true. Because that wasn’t an abuse by a bad actor — that was the inherent platform. The problem with Facebook is Facebook.

Step 5

Everything was designed to be really, really addictive.

The social-media giants became “attention merchants,” bent on hooking users no mater the consequences. “Engagement” was the euphemism for the metric, but in practice it evolved into an unprecedented machine for behavior modification.

Sandy Parakilas: One of the core things going on is that they have incentives to get people to use their service as much as they possibly can, so that has driven them to create a product that is built to be addictive. Facebook is a fundamentally addictive product that is designed to capture as much of your attention as possible without any regard for the consequences. Tech addiction has a negative impact on your health and on your children’s health. It enables bad actors to do new bad things, from electoral meddling to sex trafficking. It increases narcissism and people’s desire to be famous on Instagram. And all of those consequences ladder up to the business model of getting people to use the product as much as possible through addictive, intentional-design tactics, and then monetizing their users’ attention through advertising.

Harris: I had friends who worked at Zynga, and it was the same thing. Not how do we build games that are great for people, or that people really love, but how do we manipulate people into spending money on and creating false social obligations so your friend will plant corn on your farm? Zynga was a weed that grew through Facebook.

Losse: In a way, Zynga was too successful at this. They were making so much money that they were hacking the whole concept of Facebook as a social platform. The problem with those games is they weren’t really that social. You put money into the game, and then you took care of your fish or your farm or whatever it was. You spent a lot of time on Facebook, and people were getting addicted to it.

Guillaume Chaslot: The way AI is designed will have a huge impact on the type of content you see. For instance, if the AI favors engagement, like on Facebook and YouTube, it will incentivize divisive content, because divisive content is very efficient to keep people online. If the metric you try to optimize is likes, or the little arcs on Facebook, then the type of content people will see and share will be very different.

Roger McNamee: If you parse what Unilever said about Facebook when they threatened to pull their ads, their message was “Guys, your platform’s too good. You’re basically harming our customers. Because you’re manipulating what they think. And more importantly, you’re manipulating what they feel. You’re causing so much outrage that they become addicted to outrage.” The dopamine you get from outrage is just so addictive.

Harris: That blue Facebook icon on your home screen is really good at creating unconscious habits that people have a hard time extinguishing. People don’t see the way that their minds are being manipulated by addiction. Facebook has become the largest civilization-scale mind-control machine that the world has ever seen.

Chaslot: Tristan was one of the first people to start talking about the problem of this kind of thinking.

Harris: I warned about it at Google at the very beginning of 2013. I made that famous slide deck that spread virally throughout the company to 20,000 people. It was called “A Call to Minimize Distraction & Respect Users’ Attention.” It said the tech industry is creating the largest political actor in the world, influencing a billion people’s attention and thoughts every day, and we have a moral responsibility to steer people’s thoughts ethically. It went all the way up to Larry Page, who had three separate meetings that day where people brought it up. And to Google’s credit, I didn’t get fired. I was supported to do research on the topic for three years. But at the end of the day, what are you going to do? Knock on YouTube’s door and say, “Hey, guys, reduce the amount of time people spend on YouTube. You’re interrupting people’s sleep and making them forget the rest of their life”? You can’t do that, because that’s their business model. So nobody at Google specifically said, “We can’t do this — it would eat into our business model.” It’s just that the incentive at a place like YouTube is specifically to keep people hooked.

Step 6

At first, it worked — almost too well.

None of the companies hid their plans or lied about how their money was made. But as users became deeply enmeshed in the increasingly addictive web of surveillance, the leading digital platforms became wildly popular.

Pao: There’s this idea that, “Yes, they can use this information to manipulate other people, but I’m not gonna fall for that, so I’m protected from being manipulated.” Slowly, over time, you become addicted to the interactions, so it’s hard to opt out. And they just keep taking more and more of your time and pushing more and more fake news. It becomes easy just to go about your life and assume that things are being taken care of.

McNamee: If you go back to the early days of propaganda theory, Edward Bernays had a hypothesis that to implant an idea and make it universally acceptable, you needed to have the same message appearing in every medium all the time for a really long period of time. The notion was it could only be done by a government. Then Facebook came along, and it had this ability to personalize for every single user. Instead of being a broadcast model, it was now 2.2 billion individualized channels. It was the most effective product ever created to revolve around human emotions.

García: If you pulled the plug on Facebook, there would literally be riots in the streets. So in the back of Facebook’s mind, they know that they’re stepping on people’s toes. But in the end, people are happy to have the product, so why not step on toes? This is where they just wade into the whole cesspit of human psychology. The algorithm, by default, placates you by shielding you from the things you don’t want to hear about. That, to me, is the scary part. The real problem isn’t Facebook — it’s humans.

McNamee: They’re basically trying to trigger fear and anger to get the outrage cycle going, because outrage is what makes you be more deeply engaged. You spend more time on the site and you share more stuff. Therefore, you’re going to be exposed to more ads, and that makes you more valuable. In 2008, when they put their first app on the iPhone, the whole ballgame changed. Suddenly Bernays’s dream of the universal platform reaching everybody through every medium at the same time was achieved by a single device. You marry the social triggers to personalized content on a device that most people check on their way to pee in the morning and as the last thing they do before they turn the light out at night. You literally have a persuasion engine unlike any created in history.

Step 7

No one from Silicon Valley was held accountable …

No one in the government — or, for that matter, in the tech industry’s user base — seemed interested in bringing such a wealthy, dynamic sector to heel.

García: The real issue is that people don’t assign moral agency to algorithms. When shit goes sideways, you want someone to fucking shake a finger at and scream at. But Facebook just says, “Don’t look at us. Look at this pile of code.” Somehow, the human sense of justice isn’t placated.

Parakilas: In terms of design, companies like Facebook and Twitter have not prioritized features that would protect people against the most malicious cases of abuse. That’s in part because they have no liability when something goes wrong. Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act of 1996, which was originally envisioned to protect free speech, effectively shields internet companies from the actions of third parties on their platforms. It enables them to not prioritize the features they need to build to protect users.

McNamee: In 2016, I started to see things that concerned me. First it was the Bernie memes, the way they were spreading. Then there was the way Facebook was potentially conferring a significant advantage to negative campaign messages in Brexit. Then there were the Russian hacks on our own election. But when I talked to Dan Rose, Facebook’s vice-president of partnerships, he basically throws the Section 230 thing at me: “Hey, we’re a platform, not a media company.” And I’m going, “You’ve got 1.7 billion users. If the government decides you’re a media company, it doesn’t matter what you assert. You’re messing with your brand here. I’m really worried that you’re gonna kill the company, and for what?” There is no way to justify what happened here. At best, it’s extreme carelessness.

Step 8

… Even as social networks became dangerous and toxic.

With companies scaling at unprecedented rates, user security took a backseat to growth and engagement. Resources went to selling ads, not protecting users from abuse.

Lanier: Every time there’s some movement like Black Lives Matter or #MeToo, you have this initial period where people feel like they’re on this magic-carpet ride. Social media is letting them reach people and organize faster than ever before. They’re thinking, Wow, Facebook and Twitter are these wonderful tools of democracy. But it turns out that the same data that creates a positive, constructive process like the Arab Spring can be used to irritate other groups. So every time you have a Black Lives Matter, social media responds by empowering neo-Nazis and racists in a way that hasn’t been seen in generations. The original good intention winds up empowering its opposite.

Parakilas: During my time at Facebook, I thought over and over again that they allocated resources in a way that implied they were almost entirely focused on growth and monetization at the expense of user protection. The way you can understand how a company thinks about what its key priorities are is by looking at where they allocate engineering resources. At Facebook, I was told repeatedly, “Oh, you know, we have to make sure that X, Y, or Z doesn’t happen.” But I had no engineers to do that, so I had to think creatively about how we could solve problems around abuse that was happening without any engineers. Whereas teams that were building features around advertising and user growth had a large number of engineers.

Chaslot: As an engineer at Google, I would see something weird and propose a solution to management. But just noticing the problem was hurting the business model. So they would say, “Okay, but is it really a problem?” They trust the structure. For instance, I saw this conspiracy theory that was spreading. It’s really large — I think the algorithm may have gone crazy. But I was told, “Don’t worry — we have the best people working on it. It should be fine.” Then they conclude that people are just stupid. They don’t want to believe that the problem might be due to the algorithm.

Parakilas: One time a developer who had access to Facebook’s data was accused of creating profiles of people without their consent, including children. But when we heard about it, we had no way of proving whether it had actually happened, because we had no visibility into the data once it left Facebook’s servers. So Facebook had policies against things like this, but it gave us no ability to see what developers were actually doing.

Kyanka: It’s important to have rules and to follow through on them. When I started my forum Something Awful, one of my first priorities was to create a very detailed, comprehensive list spelling out what is allowed and what is not allowed. The problem with Twitter is they never defined themselves. They’re trying to put up the false pretense that they’re banning the alt-right, but it’s just a metrics game. They don’t have anyone who can direct the community and communicate with the community, so they’re just revving their tires in the sand. They’re a bunch of math nerds who probably haven’t left their own business in years, so they have no idea how to actually speak to females or people with other viewpoints without going to wikiHow. They’ve got no future unless they can go to the person who is currently teaching Mark Zuckerberg how to be a human being.

McComas: Ultimately the problem Reddit has is the same as Twitter: By focusing on growth and growth only, and ignoring the problems, they amassed a large set of cultural norms on their platforms that stem from harassment or abuse or bad behavior. They have worked themselves into a position where they’re completely defensive and they can just never catch up on the problem. I don’t see any way it’s going to improve. The best they can do is figure out how to hide the bad behavior from the average user.

Step 9

… And even as they invaded our privacy.

The more features Facebook and other platforms added, the more data users willingly, if unwittingly, released to them and the data brokers who power digital advertising.

Richard Stallman: What is data privacy? That means that if a company collects data about you, it should somehow protect that data. But I don’t think that’s the issue. The problem is that these companies are collecting data about you, period. We shouldn’t let them do that. The data that is collected will be abused. That’s not an absolute certainty, but it’s a practical extreme likelihood, which is enough to make collection a problem.

Kyanka: No matter where you go, especially in this country, advertisers follow. And when advertisers follow, they begin thought groups, and then think tanks, and then they begin building up these gigantic structures dedicated to stealing as much data and seeing how far they can push boundaries before somebody starts pushing back.

Losse: I’m not surprised at what’s going on now with Cambridge Analytica and the scandal over the election. For long time, the accepted idea at Facebook was: Giving developers as much data as possible to make these products is good. But to think that, you also have to not think about the data implications for users. That’s just not your priority.

Pao: Nobody wants to take responsibility for the election based on how people were able to manipulate their platform. People knew they gave Facebook permission to share their information with developers, even if the average user didn’t understand the implications. I know I didn’t understand the implications — how much that information could be used to manipulate our emotions.

Stallman: I never tell stores who I am. I never let them know. I pay cash and only cash for that reason. I don’t care whether it’s a local store or Amazon — no one has a right to keep track of what I buy.

Step 10

Then came 2016.

The election of Donald Trump and the triumph of Brexit, two campaigns powered in large part by social media, demonstrated to tech insiders that connecting the world — at least via an advertising-surveillance scheme — doesn’t necessarily lead to that hippie utopia.

Lanier: A lot of the rhetoric of Silicon Valley that has a utopian ring about creating meaningful communities where everybody’s creative and people collaborate — I was one of the first authors on some of that rhetoric a long time ago. So it kind of stings for me to see it misused. I used to talk about how virtual reality could be a tool for empathy. Then I see Mark Zuckerberg talking about how VR could be a tool for empathy while being profoundly non-empathic — using VR to tour Puerto Rico after the hurricane. One has this feeling of having contributed to something that’s gone very wrong.

Kyanka: My experience with Reddit and my experience with 4chan, if you combine them together, is probably under eight minutes total. But both of them are inadvertently my fault, because I thought they were so terrible that I kicked them off of Something Awful. And then somehow they got worse.

Chaslot: I realized personally that things were going wrong in 2011, when I was working at Google. I was working on this YouTube recommendation algorithm, and I realized that the algorithm was always giving you the same type of content. For instance, if I give you a video of a cat and you watch it, the algorithm thinks, Oh, he must really like cats. That creates these feeder bubbles where people just see one type of information. But when I notified my managers at Google and proposed a solution that would give a user more control so he could get out of the feeder bubble, they realized that this type of algorithm would not be very beneficial for watch time. They didn’t want to push that, because the entire business model is based on watch time.

Harris: A lot of people feel enormously regretful about how this has turned out. I mean, who wants to be part of the system that is sending the world in really dangerous directions? I wasn’t personally responsible for it — I called out the problem early. But everybody in the industry knows we need to do things differently. That kind of conscience is weighing on everybody. The reason I’m losing sleep is I’m worried that the fabric of society will fall apart if we don’t correct these things soon enough. We’re talking about people’s lives.

McComas: I fundamentally believe that my time at Reddit made the world a worse place. That sucks. It sucks to have to say that about myself.

Step 11

Employees are starting to revolt.

Tech-industry executives aren’t likely to bite the hand that feeds them. But maybe their employees — the ones who signed up for the mission as much as the money — can rise up and make a change.

García: Some Facebook employees felt uncomfortable when they went back home over Thanksgiving, after the election. They suddenly had all these hard questions from their mothers, who were saying, “What the hell? What is Facebook doing?” Suddenly they were facing flak for what they thought was a supercool job.

Harris: There’s a massive demoralizing wave that is hitting Silicon Valley. It’s getting very hard for companies to attract and retain the best engineers and talent when they realize that the automated system they’ve built is causing havoc everywhere around the world. So if Facebook loses a big chunk of its workforce because people don’t want to be part of that perverse system anymore, that is a very powerful and very immediate lever to force them to change.

Duruk: I was at Uber when all the madness was happening there, and it did affect recruiting and hiring. I don’t think these companies are going to go down because they can’t attract the right talent. But there’s going to be a measurable impact. It has become less of a moral positive now — you go to Facebook to write some code and then you go home. They’re becoming just another company.

McNamee: For three months starting in October 2016, I appealed to Mark Zuckerberg and Sheryl Sandberg directly. I did it really politely. I didn’t talk to anybody outside Facebook. I did it as a friend of the firm. I said, “Guys, I think this election manipulation has all the makings of a crisis, and I think you need to get on top of it. You need to do forensics, and you need to determine what, if any, role you played. You need to make really substantive changes to your business model and your algorithms so the people know it’s not going to happen again. If you don’t do that, and it turns out you’ve had a large impact on the election, your brand is hosed.” But if you can’t convince Mark and Sheryl, then you have to convince the employees. One approach, which has never been tested in the tech world, is what I would characterize as the Ellsberg strategy: Somebody on the inside, like Daniel Ellsberg releasing the Pentagon Papers, says, “Oh my God, something horrible is going on here,” and the resulting external pressure forces a change. That’s the only way you have a snowball’s chance in hell of triggering what would actually be required to fix things and make it work.

Step 12

To fix it, we’ll need a new business model …

If the problem is in the way the Valley makes money, it’s going to have to make money a different way. Maybe by trying something radical and new — like charging users for goods and services.

Parakilas: They’re going to have to change their business model quite dramatically. They say they want to make time well spent the focus of their product, but they have no incentive to do that, nor have they created a metric by which they would measure that. But if Facebook charged a subscription instead of relying on advertising, then people would use it less and Facebook would still make money. It would be equally profitable and more beneficial to society. In fact, if you charged users a few dollars a month, you would equal the revenue Facebook gets from advertising. It’s not inconceivable that a large percentage of their user base would be willing to pay a few dollars a month.

Lanier: At the time Facebook was founded, the prevailing belief was that in the future there wouldn’t be paid people making movies and television, because armies of unpaid volunteers, organized through our networks, would make superior content, just like happened with Wikipedia. But what actually happened is when people started paying for Netflix, we got what we call Peak TV. Things got much better as a result of it being monetized to subscribers. So if we outlawed advertising and asked people to pay directly for things like Facebook, the only customer would be the user. There would no longer be third parties paying to influence you. We would also pay people who opt to provide their data, which would become a source of economic growth. In that situation, I think we would have a chance of achieving Peak Social Media. We might actually see things improve a great deal.

Step 13

… And some tough regulation.

Mark Zuckerberg testifying before Congress on April 10. Photo: Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images

While we’re at it, where has the government been in all this? 

Stallman: We need a law. Fuck them — there’s no reason we should let them exist if the price is knowing everything about us. Let them disappear. They’re not important — our human rights are important. No company is so important that its existence justifies setting up a police state. And a police state is what we’re heading toward.

Duruk: The biggest existential problem for them would be regulation. Because it’s clear that nothing else will stop these companies from using their size and their technology to just keep growing. Without regulation, we’ll basically just be complaining constantly, and not much will change.

McNamee: Three things. First, there needs to be a law against bots and trolls impersonating other people. I’m not saying no bots. I’m just saying bots have to be really clearly marked. Second, there have to be strict age limits to protect children. And third, there has to be genuine liability for platforms when their algorithms fail. If Google can’t block the obviously phony story that the kids in Parkland were actors, they need to be held accountable.

Stallman: We need a law that requires every system to be designed in a way that achieves its basic goal with the least possible collection of data. Let’s say you want to ride in a car and pay for the ride. That doesn’t fundamentally require knowing who you are. So services which do that must be required by law to give you the option of paying cash, or using some other anonymous-payment system, without being identified. They should also have ways you can call for a ride without identifying yourself, without having to use a cell phone. Companies that won’t go along with this — well, they’re welcome to go out of business. Good riddance.

Step 14

Maybe nothing will change.

The scariest possibility is that nothing can be done — that the behemoths of the new internet are too rich, too powerful, and too addictive for anyone to fix.

McComas: I don’t think the existing platforms are going to change.

García: Look, I mean, advertising sucks, sure. But as the ad tech guys say, “We’re the people who pay for the internet.” It’s hard to imagine a different business model other than advertising for any consumer internet app that depends on network effects.

Pao: You have these people who have developed these wide-ranging problems, but they haven’t used their skill and their innovation and their giant teams and their huge coffers to solve them. What makes you think they’re going to change and care about these problems today?

Losse: I don’t see Facebook’s business being profoundly affected by this. It doesn’t matter what people say — they’ve come to consider the infrastructure as necessary to their lives, and they’re not leaving it.

Step 15

… Unless, at the very least, some new people are in charge.

If Silicon Valley’s problems are a result of bad decision-making, it might be time to look for better decision-makers. One place to start would be outside the homogeneous group currently in power.

Losse: When I was writing speeches for Mark Zuckerberg, I spent a lot of time thinking about what the pushback would be on his vision. For me, the obvious criticism is: Why should people give up their power to this bigger force, even if it’s doing all these positive things and connecting them to their friends? That was the hardest thing for Zuckerberg to get his head around, because he has been in control of this thing for so long, from the very beginning. If you’re Mark, you’d be thinking, What do they want? I did all this. I am in control of it. But it does seem like the combined weight of the criticism is starting to wear him thin.

Pao: I’ve urged Facebook to bring in people who are not part of a homogeneous majority to their executive team, to every product team, to every strategy discussion. The people who are there now clearly don’t understand the impact of their platforms and the nature of the problem. You need people who are living the problem to clarify the extent of it and help solve it.

Losse: At some point, they’re going to have to understand the full force of the critique they’re facing and respond to it directly.

With Regrets

“The web that many connected to years ago is not what new users will find today. The fact that power is concentrated among so few companies has made it possible to weaponize the web at scale.” —Tim Berners-Lee, creator of the World Wide Web

“We really believed in social experiences. We really believed in protecting privacy. But we were way too idealistic. We did not think enough about the abuse cases.” —Sheryl Sandberg, chief operating officer at Facebook

“Let’s build a comprehensive database of highly personal targeting info and sell secret ads with zero public scrutiny. What could go wrong?” —Pierre Omidyar, founder of eBay

“I don’t have a kid, but I have a nephew that I put some boundaries on. There are some things that I won’t allow; I don’t want them on a social network.” —Tim Cook, CEO of Apple

“It’s a social-validation feedback loop … exactly the kind of thing that a hacker like myself would come up with, because you’re exploiting a vulnerability in human psychology. The inventors, creators — it’s me, it’s Mark [Zuckerberg], it’s Kevin Systrom on Instagram, it’s all of these people — understood this consciously. And we did it anyway.” —Sean Parker, first president of Facebook

“I wake up in cold sweats every so often thinking, What did we bring to the world?” —Tony Fadell, Known as one of the“fathers of  the iPod”

“The short-term, dopamine-driven feedback loops that we have created are destroying how society works. No civil discourse, no cooperation; misinformation, mistruth. This is not about Russians’ ads. This is a global problem.” —Chamath Palihapitiya, former VP of user growth at Facebook

“The government is going to have to be involved. You do it exactly the same way you regulated the cigarette industry. Technology has addictive qualities that we have to address, and product designers are working to make those products more addictive. We need to rein that back.” —Marc Benioff, CEO of Salesforce

Things That Ruined the Internet

Cookies (1994)
The original surveillance tool of the internet. Developed by programmer Lou Montulli to eliminate the need for repeated log-ins, cookies also enabled third parties like Google to track users across the web. The risk of abuse was low, Montulli thought, because only a “large, publicly visible company” would have the capacity to make use of such data. The result: digital ads that follow you wherever you go online.

The Farmville vulnerability (2007)  
When Facebook opened up its social network to third-party developers, enabling them to build apps that users could share with their friends, it inadvertently opened the door a bit too wide. By tapping into user accounts, developers could download a wealth of personal data — which is exactly what a political-consulting firm called Cambridge Analytica did to 87 million Americans.

Algorithmic sorting (2006)
It’s how the internet serves up what it thinks you want — automated calculations based on dozens of hidden metrics. Facebook’s News Feed uses it every time you hit refresh, and so does YouTube. It’s highly addictive — and it keeps users walled off in their own personalized loops. “When social media is designed primarily for engagement,” tweets Guillaume Chaslot, the engineer who designed YouTube’s algorithm, “it is not surprising that it hurts democracy and free speech.”

The “like” button (2009)
Initially known as the “awesome” button, the icon was designed to unleash a wave of positivity online. But its addictive properties became so troubling that one of its creators, Leah Pearlman, has since renounced it. “Do you know that episode of Black Mirror where everyone is obsessed with likes?” she told Vice last year. “I suddenly felt terrified of becoming those people — as well as thinking I’d created that environment for everyone else.”

Pull-to-refresh (2009)
Developed by software developer Loren Brichter for an iPhone app, the simple gesture — scrolling downward at the top of a feed to fetch more data — has become an endless, involuntary tic. “Pull-to-refresh is addictive,” Brichter told The Guardian last year. “I regret the downsides.”

Pop-up ads (1996)
While working at an early blogging platform, Ethan Zuckerman came up with the now-ubiquitous tool for separating ads from content that advertisers might find objectionable. “I really did not mean to break the internet,” he told the podcast Reply All. “I really did not mean to bring this horrible thing into people’s lives. I really am extremely sorry about this.”

Brian Feldman

*This article appears in the April 16, 2018, issue of New York Magazine. Subscribe Now!

An Apology for the Internet — From the People Who Built It

Auf bestimmten Webseiten wird gefilmt, was man/frau dort macht.

Mit frei verfügbaren Javascript-Dateien kann jede Webseite in einen Kiebitz-Modus versetzt werden: man wird gefilmt, was man auf der Seite macht. Auch z.B. Daten, die man in Eingabefelder schreibt, ohne das Formular abzusenden, gelangen so zum Seitenanbieter und evtl. darüber hinaus. Zu den Firmen mit .de-Domains gehören: immobilienscout24.de, idealo.de, 1und1.de, computerbild.de, chefkoch.de, gamestar.de, wetter.de, moviepilot.de, stepstone.de, conrad.de, t3n.de, express.de, holidaycheck.de, hornbach.de.
Hier im Film mal dargestellt. Ob das legal ist, müssen andere entscheiden. Quelle: motherboard.vice.com.

Over 400 of the World's Most Popular Websites Record Your Every Keystroke, Princeton Researchers Find

“Session replay scripts” can be used to log (and then playback) everything you typed or clicked on a website.

Nov 20 2017, 3:01pm

Image: Shutterstock / Composition: Louise Matsakis

Most people who’ve spent time on the internet have some understanding that many websites log their visits and keep record of what pages they’ve looked at. When you search for a pair of shoes on a retailer’s site for example, it records that you were interested in them. The next day, you see an advertisement for the same pair on Instagram or another social media site.

The idea of websites tracking users isn’t new, but research from Princeton University released last week indicates that online tracking is far more invasive than most users understand. In the first installment of a series titled “No Boundaries,” three researchers from Princeton’s Center for Information Technology Policy (CITP) explain how third-party scripts that run on many of the world’s most popular websites track your every keystroke and then send that information to a third-party server.

Some highly-trafficked sites run software that records every time you click and every word you type. If you go to a website, begin to fill out a form, and then abandon it, every letter you entered in is still recorded, according to the researchers’ findings. If you accidentally paste something into a form that was copied to your clipboard, it’s also recorded. Facebook users were outraged in 2013 when it was discovered that the social network was doing something similar with status updates—it recorded what users they typed, even if they never ended up posting it.

These scripts, or bits of code that websites run, are called “session replay” scripts. Session replay scripts are used by companies to gain insight into how their customers are using their sites and to identify confusing webpages. But the scripts don’t just aggregate general statistics, they record and are capable of playing back individual browsing sessions. The scripts don’t run on every page, but are often placed on pages where users input sensitive information, like passwords and medical conditions.

It’s difficult for the user to understand what’s happening “unless you dug deep into the privacy policy,” Steve Englehardt, one of the researchers behind the study, told me over the phone. “I’m just happy that users will be made aware of it."

In the video below, you can see what a session replay script from the company FullStory can record:

Most troubling is that the information session replay scripts collect can’t “reasonably be expected to be kept anonymous,” according to the researchers. Some of the companies that provide this software, like FullStory, design tracking scripts that even allow website owners to link the recordings they gather to a user’s real identity. On the backend, companies can see that a user is connected to a specific email or name. FullStory did not return a request for comment.

To conduct their study, Englehardt, Gunes Acar, and Arvind Narayanan looked at seven of the most popular session replay companies including FullStory, SessionCam, Clicktale, Smartlook, UserReplay, Hotjar, and Russia’s most popular search engine Yandex. They set up test pages and installed session replay scripts on them from six of the seven companies. Their findings indicated that at least one of these company’s scripts is being used by 482 of the world’s top 50,000 sites, according to their Alexa ranking.

Prominent companies who use the scripts include men’s retailer Bonobos.com, Walgreens.com, and the financial investment firm Fidelity.com. It’s also worth noting that 482 might be a low estimate. It’s likely that the scripts don’t record every user that visits a site, the researchers told me. So when they were testing, they likely did not detect some scripts because they were not activated. You can see all the popular websites that utilize session replay scripts documented by the researchers here.

Since the Princeton researchers released their research, both Bonobos and Walgreens said they would stop using session replay scripts. “We take the protection of our customers’ data very seriously and are investigating the claims made in the study that was published yesterday. As we look into the concerns that were raised, and out of an abundance of caution, we have stopped sharing data with FullStory,” a spokesperson from Walgreens told me in an email last Thursday.

Bonobos did not return a request for comment, but the company told Wired that it “eliminated data sharing with FullStory in order to evaluate our protocols and operations with respect to their service. We are continually assessing and strengthening systems and processes in order to protect our customers’ data."

Fidelity did not say it would stop using session replay scripts. “We don’t comment on relationship (sic) we have with vendors or companies but one of our highest priorities is the protection of customer information,” a spokesperson said in a statement.

Companies that sell replay scripts do offer a number of redaction tools that allow websites to exclude sensitive content from recordings, and some even explicitly forbid the collection of user data. Still, the use of session replay scripts by so many of the world’s most popular websites has serious privacy implications.

“Collection of page content by third-party replay scripts may cause sensitive information such as medical conditions, credit card details, and other personal information displayed on a page to leak to the third-party as part of the recording,” the researchers wrote in their post.

Passwords are often accidentally included in recordings, despite that the scripts are designed to exclude them. The researchers found that other personal information was also often not redacted, or only redacted partially, at least with some of the scripts. Two of the companies, UserReplay and SessionCam, block all user inputs by default (they just track where users are clicking), which is a far safer approach.

It’s not just what users input that matters, however. When you log into a website, what’s displayed on the screen can also be sensitive. The researchers found that “none of the companies appear to provide automated redaction of displayed content by default; all displayed content ends up leaking.”

For example, the researchers tested Walgreens.com, which used to run a script from the company FullStory. Despite the fact that Walgreens does use a number of redaction features offered by FullStory, they found that information like medical conditions and prescriptions still are being collected by the session replay script, along with users’ real names.

Finally, the study’s authors are worried that session script companies could be vulnerable to targeted hacks, especially because they’re likely high-value targets. For example, many of these companies have dashboards where clients can playback the recordings they collect. But Yandex, Hotjar, and Smartlook’s dashboards run non-encrypted HTTP pages, rather than much more secure, encrypted HTTPS pages.

“This allows an active man-in-the-middle to inject a script into the playback page and extract all of the recording data,” the study authors wrote.

In an emailed statement, a spokesperson for Yandex told me the company tries to use HTTPS wherever it can, and said it is going to update its product soon to no longer use HTTP. "HTTP is used intentionally, as session recordings load websites using iframe. Unfortunately, loading http content from https websites is prohibited on the browser level so http player is required to support http websites for this feature," the statement read.

A spokesperson for SmartLook said something similar in an emailed statement: "Our product team is already aware of this and they are already working on fixing the issue."

HotJar and UserReplay did not issue a statement in time for publication. SessionCam CEO Kevin Goodings wrote in a blog post that “Everyone at SessionCam can get behind the CITP’s conclusion: ‘Improving user experience is a critical task for publishers. However, it shouldn’t come at the expense of user privacy.’ The whole team at SessionCam lives these values every day. The privacy of your website visitors and the security of your data is of paramount importance to us.” A spokesperson from Clicktale said in an email that the company "takes both customer and end-user privacy extremely seriously, using multiple layers of security and technologies to ensure that data is kept private and secure."

It’s not just session scripts that are following you around the internet. A study published earlier this year found that nearly half of the world’s 1,000 most popular websites use the same tracking software to monitor your behavior in various ways.

If you want to block session replay scripts, popular ad-blocking tool AdBlock Plus will now protect you against all of the ones documented in the Princeton study. AdBlock Plus formerly only protected against some, but has now been updated to block all as a result of the researchers’ work.

Update 11/20/17 10:30 AM: This story has been updated with comment from Yandex.

Update 11/21/17 9:33 AM: This story has been updated with comment from SmartLook.

Update 11/21/17 3:45 PM: This story has been updated with comment from Clicktale.

Got a tip? You can contact this reporter securely on Signal at +1 201-316-6981, or by email at louise.matsakis@vice.com

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Liste mit Domains, die ihre Kunden bei der Benutzung „filmen“

Quelle: https://webtransparency.cs.princeton.edu/no_boundaries/session_replay_sites.html

29 	yandex.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
35 	wordpress.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
45 	microsoft.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
74 	adobe.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
88 	coccoc.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
102 	txxx.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
124 	godaddy.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
136 	uol.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
140 	indiatimes.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
151 	avito.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
164 	outbrain.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
177 	hclips.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
196 	kinogo.club 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
202 	upornia.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
209 	spotify.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
211 	livejournal.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
228 	skype.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
245 	softonic.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
247 	files.wordpress.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
255 	instructure.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
266 	wittyfeed.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
279 	rt.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
282 	taboola.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
284 	kinopoisk.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
288 	tokopedia.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
289 	sh.st 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
309 	onedio.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
310 	upwork.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
316 	telegraph.co.uk 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
318 	abs-cbn.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
329 	eksisozluk.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
335 	hp.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
345 	seasonvar.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
348 	sharepoint.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
359 	evernote.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
370 	sberbank.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
375 	samsung.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
383 	conservativetribune.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
387 	xfinity.com 	userreplay.net 	evidence of session recording
392 	digikala.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
398 	atlassian.net 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
403 	avg.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
416 	leagueoflegends.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
421 	reuters.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
436 	homedepot.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
437 	beeg.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
439 	infusionsoft.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
456 	realclearpolitics.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
464 	udemy.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
474 	mercadolibre.com.ar 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
485 	hurriyet.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
485 	hurriyet.com.tr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
494 	ask.fm 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
496 	haber7.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
505 	asana.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
511 	hubspot.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
513 	prezi.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
516 	cbsnews.com 	decibelinsight.net 	analytics script exists
520 	goal.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
522 	souq.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
545 	gismeteo.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
558 	comcast.net 	userreplay.net 	evidence of session recording
560 	bitbucket.org 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
583 	wiley.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
590 	lenta.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
593 	mirror.co.uk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
597 	hdzog.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
602 	yandex.ua 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
609 	asus.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
610 	adbooth.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
631 	ibm.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
643 	rottentomatoes.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
644 	onlinevideoconverter.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
659 	cbssports.com 	decibelinsight.net 	analytics script exists
660 	banggood.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
663 	drive2.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
677 	ria.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
681 	newegg.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
683 	norton.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
685 	lenovo.com 	fullstory.com 	evidence of session recording
686 	clickadu.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
692 	popmyads.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
727 	rbc.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
743 	photobucket.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
751 	trendingpatrol.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
776 	ensonhaber.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
778 	grammarly.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
783 	hotmovs.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
795 	digitalocean.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
813 	adme.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
817 	office365.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
821 	intel.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
825 	sputniknews.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
830 	turbobit.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
842 	wp.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
851 	bodybuilding.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
883 	istockphoto.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
885 	yandex.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
890 	narod.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
901 	constantcontact.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
908 	fishki.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
910 	lanacion.com.ar 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
913 	hostgator.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
915 	g2a.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
923 	suara.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
925 	costco.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
926 	yaplakal.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
933 	voyeurhit.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
934 	gutefrage.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
936 	unity3d.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
942 	xtube.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
954 	sapo.pt 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
958 	ibtimes.co.uk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
962 	cam4.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
965 	hepsiburada.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
966 	americanas.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
972 	yenisafak.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
976 	gap.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
980 	ancestry.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
980 	ancestry.com 	quantummetric.com 	analytics script exists
982 	n11.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
983 	entrepreneur.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
984 	wargaming.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
986 	11st.co.kr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
989 	hh.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
992 	liveinternet.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
993 	tmz.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
996 	aweber.com 	fullstory.com 	evidence of session recording
1003 	1tv.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1029 	xbox.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
1030 	autodesk.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
1040 	windows.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
1056 	ryanair.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1060 	bluehost.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1073 	milanuncios.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1092 	kp.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1094 	y8.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1099 	psu.edu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1102 	vesti.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1105 	rutube.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1111 	doodle.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1115 	yandex.kz 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1123 	habrahabr.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1132 	teamviewer.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1150 	aljazeera.net 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
1155 	nnmclub.to 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1157 	24video.xxx 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1160 	bigcinema.to 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1167 	brightside.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1185 	ucoz.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1185 	ucoz.ru 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
1195 	surfsecured.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1196 	nifty.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1197 	life.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1204 	cbs.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
1206 	mynet.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1206 	mynet.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1209 	pexels.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1210 	bs.to 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1211 	elsevier.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
1219 	t-mobile.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
1225 	tradedoubler.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
1235 	yandex.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1236 	tnt-online.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1245 	sporx.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1251 	kinokrad.co 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1267 	gofundme.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
1273 	dw.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1278 	ozon.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1280 	smi2.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1284 	clickfunnels.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1289 	immobilienscout24.de 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
1311 	baskino.club 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1343 	news.com.au 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1345 	irecommend.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1348 	programme-tv.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1351 	multitran.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1354 	chegg.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
1361 	sozcu.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1362 	sky.com 	decibelinsight.net 	evidence of session recording
1362 	sky.com 	sessioncam.com 	evidence of session recording
1364 	lolesports.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1381 	mbc.net 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
1385 	thepennyhoarder.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1398 	vjav.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1412 	justporno.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1416 	sears.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
1417 	mos.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1419 	kizi.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1419 	kizi.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1421 	icims.com 	mouseflow.com 	evidence of session recording
1429 	msnbc.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1435 	atlassian.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
1438 	androidcentral.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1450 	lostfilm.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1451 	bamilo.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1456 	getresponse.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1484 	championat.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1494 	visualstudio.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
1498 	imzog.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1501 	20minutos.es 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1501 	20minutos.es 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1507 	fotostrana.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1528 	anybunny.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1535 	sports.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1537 	bt.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
1540 	zoom.us 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1547 	idealo.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1549 	baixaki.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1559 	ulmart.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
1576 	jizzbunker.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
1579 	playground.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1586 	donanimhaber.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1602 	mail.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
1629 	codecademy.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1642 	iherb.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
1647 	depositphotos.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
1656 	haberler.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1657 	argos.co.uk 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
1689 	soccerway.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1690 	ceneo.pl 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1707 	moz.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
1709 	onliner.by 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1718 	shutterfly.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
1725 	iqoption.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
1728 	fast-torrent.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1729 	smh.com.au 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1730 	economist.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1740 	tut.by 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1741 	skroutz.gr 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
1747 	lds.org 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
1748 	xrutor.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1755 	unicredit.it 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
1774 	submarino.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1777 	vente-privee.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1780 	fandango.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
1795 	1und1.de 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
1797 	mts.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
1808 	ren.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1809 	idealista.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1811 	yourdictionary.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1814 	reclameaqui.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1821 	ilsole24ore.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
1831 	iobit.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
1835 	columbia.edu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1836 	gosuslugi.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1845 	jet.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1867 	mk.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1872 	readmanga.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1885 	mvideo.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1896 	acs.org 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
1902 	yandex.by 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
1936 	fitbit.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
1936 	fitbit.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1955 	debate.com.mx 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1959 	udacity.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
1960 	k2s.cc 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1962 	ivi.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
1975 	gaana.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
1980 	sky.it 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
1983 	forgeofempires.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2003 	semrush.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
2009 	twentytwowords.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2013 	shorte.st 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2036 	computerbild.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2043 	adobelogin.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
2055 	pochta.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2059 	nalog.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
2060 	tfile.co 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2062 	inmotionhosting.com 	hotjar.com 	evidence of session recording
2067 	doramatv.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2068 	rg.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2086 	toysrus.com 	userreplay.net 	evidence of session recording
2088 	screencast.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2090 	xero.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2098 	easybib.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2102 	fool.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2103 	bankrate.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2117 	tubepornclassic.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2136 	nur.kz 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2143 	2gis.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2151 	santander.co.uk 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
2161 	consultant.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2165 	kaspersky.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
2179 	today.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2181 	emag.ro 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2185 	eset.com 	hotjar.com 	evidence of session recording
2193 	starzplay.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2193 	starzplay.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2199 	lamoda.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2206 	labirint.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2207 	mamba.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2209 	yoox.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
2211 	tass.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2243 	skrill.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2282 	sportbox.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2287 	news24.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2300 	futhead.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2313 	reverb.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
2323 	betfair.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2335 	blocket.se 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2338 	radikal.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2340 	virginmedia.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
2353 	layalina.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2356 	minecraft.net 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
2360 	olx.kz 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2366 	softbank.jp 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
2377 	chefkoch.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2382 	vz.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2401 	tiu.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
2406 	cars.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
2414 	redhat.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
2415 	citationmachine.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2417 	masralarabia.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2423 	superjob.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
2440 	ntv.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2442 	ifixit.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2448 	meb.gov.tr 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
2484 	247sports.com 	decibelinsight.net 	analytics script exists
2498 	beeline.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2513 	opera.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
2526 	citilink.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2527 	wpengine.com 	fullstory.com 	evidence of session recording
2527 	wpengine.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2533 	torrentino.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2556 	dramafever.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
2557 	dickssportinggoods.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
2572 	teamtreehouse.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2574 	hbr.org 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2575 	idntimes.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
2578 	adidas.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
2583 	neteller.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2586 	regnum.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2592 	rumorsleague.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2595 	logitech.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
2598 	pons.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2604 	sme.sk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2605 	livechatinc.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2626 	riotgames.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2647 	kino-teatr.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2649 	turbo.az 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2666 	studfiles.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2671 	newsru.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2672 	zdnet.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
2688 	rusvesna.su 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
2713 	plarium.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2720 	msu.edu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2743 	cleartrip.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2753 	prensalibre.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2754 	filmitorrent.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2759 	univision.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2762 	aif.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2768 	uloz.to 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2776 	dominos.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
2778 	izvestia.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2787 	kwejk.pl 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2795 	woocommerce.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2811 	bluestacks.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2818 	money.pl 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2824 	anidub.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2849 	gitlab.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2850 	encuentra24.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2854 	cint.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2864 	techrepublic.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
2867 	utoronto.ca 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2868 	bobfilm1.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2878 	ihg.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
2891 	teespring.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2892 	konga.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2901 	sbrf.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2902 	bartarinha.ir 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2902 	bartarinha.ir 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
2904 	sci-hub.cc 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2908 	hackerrank.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2926 	jcrew.com 	quantummetric.com 	analytics script exists
2929 	index.hr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2931 	trafficfactory.biz 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2941 	bbb.org 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
2942 	tvzvezda.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2945 	johnlewis.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
2954 	tankionline.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2957 	liginc.co.jp 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
2965 	cyberforum.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2973 	exist.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2975 	jusbrasil.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
2987 	ixbt.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2988 	flvto.biz 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
2989 	onelogin.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3015 	fanatik.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3027 	diary.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3033 	bet9ja.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3037 	clicrbs.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3046 	cheapoair.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3052 	alaan.org 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3059 	vic.gov.au 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3061 	e1.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3063 	megafon.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3064 	nesaporn.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3067 	eurosport.fr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3070 	ntv.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3073 	kommersant.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3080 	successfactors.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3086 	hpe.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
3091 	directadvert.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3091 	directadvert.ru 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3092 	usembassy.gov 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3095 	demotywatory.pl 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
3099 	kolesa.kz 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
3112 	rt.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
3112 	rt.ru 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3113 	mudah.my 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3142 	russia.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3143 	tap.az 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3144 	dnevnik.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3150 	epom.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3150 	epom.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3168 	sport-express.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3174 	kinokong.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3187 	westernunion.com 	quantummetric.com 	evidence of session recording
3203 	geektimes.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3209 	asu.edu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3217 	hi.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
3219 	musixmatch.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3240 	britishairways.com 	decibelinsight.net 	evidence of session recording
3241 	mintmanga.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3251 	bmo.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
3257 	fb.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3269 	teamwork.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3270 	kmart.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
3273 	90tv.ir 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
3274 	logmein.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
3277 	cumhuriyet.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3280 	askcom.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3288 	jetblue.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
3293 	hsn.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
3300 	symantec.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
3314 	ning.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
3317 	ijr.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3332 	tutu.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3344 	at.ua 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3344 	at.ua 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
3357 	sport24.gr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3364 	the-star.co.ke 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3369 	ipage.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3373 	wallpaperscraft.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3374 	techsmith.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3379 	azure.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
3394 	join.me 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
3400 	dumedia.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3407 	centurylink.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
3411 	playbuzz.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3441 	tikona.in 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
3444 	buffer.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
3450 	ucoz.ua 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3450 	ucoz.ua 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
3455 	manualslib.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3457 	arabseed.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
3459 	wrike.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3466 	anandabazar.com 	smartlook.com 	analytics script exists
3466 	anandabazar.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
3473 	pccomponentes.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3477 	ford.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
3478 	gigya.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3483 	natwest.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
3489 	windowscentral.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3490 	cont.ws 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3491 	hqporner.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3498 	nsw.gov.au 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3503 	vivo.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3515 	nintendo.com 	mouseflow.com 	evidence of session recording
3517 	crunchbase.com 	mouseflow.com 	evidence of session recording
3521 	atv.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3544 	imgsrc.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3554 	dnaindia.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3560 	time-to-read.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3565 	shiftdelete.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3569 	euronews.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3590 	redmp3.su 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3595 	thegay.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3598 	seek.com.au 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3607 	vseigru.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3628 	vivo.sx 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3635 	moneysavingexpert.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
3638 	imore.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3650 	povarenok.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3661 	jutarnji.hr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3665 	zfilm-hd.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3694 	usgs.gov 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3697 	dota2.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
3714 	alfabank.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
3715 	uci.edu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3731 	rzd.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
3732 	showroomprive.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3735 	uservoice.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
3745 	onlinemultfilmy.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3760 	jwplayer.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
3777 	gdeposylka.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3786 	fullprogramlarindir.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3800 	interfax.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3822 	tn.com.ar 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3826 	shoptime.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3834 	neimanmarcus.com 	quantummetric.com 	evidence of session recording
3834 	neimanmarcus.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
3845 	ngs.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
3854 	grab.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3861 	yadi.sk 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3865 	3dnews.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3882 	pagseguro.uol.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3887 	delfi.lv 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3892 	glaz.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3897 	ultipro.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3912 	hidemyass.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3922 	gamestar.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3926 	retre.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3963 	h2porn.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3977 	elvenar.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
3983 	csgolounge.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3989 	geekbuying.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
3994 	texas.gov 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4004 	genial.guru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4029 	telerik.com 	sessioncam.com 	evidence of session recording
4037 	alfacart.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4050 	russianfood.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4056 	afisha.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4066 	ldlc.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4069 	magazineluiza.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4072 	litres.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4077 	mongodb.com 	fullstory.com 	evidence of session recording
4095 	tatacliq.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4103 	dzone.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
4104 	elperiodico.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4113 	wetter.de 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
4160 	infox.sg 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4179 	woman.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4180 	podio.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4185 	oi.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4188 	workable.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4189 	rivalo.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4190 	michaels.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
4196 	aviasales.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4198 	blesk.cz 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4201 	crowdfireapp.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4208 	torrent-games.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4219 	svyaznoy.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4220 	vibbo.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4243 	oantagonista.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4248 	sendpulse.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4250 	boohoo.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4252 	mediametrics.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4265 	bigrock.in 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4270 	blackberry.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4280 	bancdebinary.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4297 	toluna.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4304 	moviepilot.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4308 	gfxtrra.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4319 	videoblocks.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4353 	mackeeper.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4361 	collabserv.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4369 	jetstar.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4382 	culturacolectiva.com 	smartlook.com 	analytics script exists
4385 	serienstream.to 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4386 	utarget.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
4390 	cpanel.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4393 	songkick.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4400 	natemat.pl 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4408 	auto.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4412 	baby.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4424 	tune.pk 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
4437 	olke.az 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4438 	home.pl 	hotjar.com 	evidence of session recording
4441 	avxhome.se 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4449 	germany.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4450 	kariyer.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4459 	24smi.info 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
4464 	thefappening.so 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4468 	theage.com.au 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4477 	net-a-porter.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4480 	hollywoodlife.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4486 	1september.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4488 	bbcgoodfood.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
4490 	tvrain.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
4529 	wordstream.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4534 	dawanda.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4556 	kinoprofi.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4568 	jofogas.hu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4574 	draxe.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4580 	inosmi.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4581 	sellfy.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4582 	dsw.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4591 	hqtube.xxx 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4607 	8drama.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4610 	lurkmore.to 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4629 	topuniversities.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4630 	linode.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4633 	gosugamers.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4634 	k12.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4638 	cloudinary.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
4638 	cloudinary.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4641 	asda.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4643 	boots.com 	sessioncam.com 	evidence of session recording
4643 	boots.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4654 	ruyaanlami.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4658 	njuskalo.hr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4666 	news247.gr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4682 	clickjogos.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4687 	cathaypacific.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4696 	megashare.su 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4706 	hvg.hu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4707 	your-surveys.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
4766 	viator.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4777 	zf.fm 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4788 	fastspring.com 	inspectlet.com 	evidence of session recording
4791 	leroymerlin.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4802 	houseoffraser.co.uk 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
4803 	trendyol.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4803 	trendyol.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4806 	cnnturk.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4817 	animevost.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4820 	haqqin.az 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4824 	pornhubpremium.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4828 	liverpool.com.mx 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
4829 	digikey.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
4870 	banki.ru 	smartlook.com 	analytics script exists
4870 	banki.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
4871 	currys.co.uk 	decibelinsight.net 	evidence of session recording
4875 	windowsazure.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
4881 	day.az 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4889 	jbzd.pl 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4891 	vivanuncios.com.mx 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
4911 	nnm.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4911 	nnm.me 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
4918 	casadellibro.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4920 	justanswer.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
4952 	milli.az 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4962 	tushkan.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4970 	worldoftanks.eu 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
4972 	futura-sciences.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
4974 	hyatt.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
5003 	ceskatelevize.cz 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5005 	harborfreight.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
5010 	nerdwallet.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
5013 	powtoon.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
5016 	topky.sk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5023 	bitrix24.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5041 	moviepilot.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5043 	movavi.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5043 	movavi.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5053 	bollywoodhungama.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5063 	aeroflot.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5103 	dreamhost.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5111 	disput.az 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5127 	homes.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5132 	enjoydressup.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5145 	topwar.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5147 	myshared.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5152 	extrastores.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5155 	dota2lounge.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5170 	mouser.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5206 	reed.co.uk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5213 	stepstone.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5218 	society6.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5245 	cam4.es 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5250 	magento.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5279 	just-eat.co.uk 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
5294 	nest.com 	sessioncam.com 	evidence of session recording
5302 	dicio.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5311 	fastweb.it 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5313 	bonprix.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5314 	coupondunia.in 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5315 	tuberel.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5336 	8muses.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5341 	mako.co.il 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5347 	ye-mek.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5349 	conrad.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5356 	aristeguinoticias.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
5358 	mymovies.it 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5371 	kinguin.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5381 	gulfnews.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5387 	computerhoy.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5389 	aftenposten.no 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5425 	sportmaster.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5434 	pronews.gr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5441 	tamindir.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5452 	bitrix24.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
5458 	nieuwsblad.be 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5465 	herb.co 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5467 	ahaber.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5470 	pozdravok.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5471 	cosmo.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5473 	costco.ca 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
5496 	rutor.in 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5517 	lohaco.jp 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
5538 	weightwatchers.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5539 	varlamov.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5543 	warthunder.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5544 	modelmayhem.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5562 	tubeplus.ag 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5564 	unity.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5569 	rabota.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5580 	epson.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
5586 	career.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5596 	landsend.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
5606 	studopedia.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5645 	newsbomb.gr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5647 	link.tl 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5655 	freenom.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
5657 	abcya.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5660 	studyblue.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5663 	bajajfinserv.in 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
5680 	bankier.pl 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
5680 	bankier.pl 	hotjar.com 	evidence of session recording
5684 	ntvspor.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5690 	nnm-club.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5701 	benchmark.pl 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5714 	cian.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
5720 	seagate.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
5730 	megogo.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5748 	playcast.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5749 	talktalk.co.uk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5762 	qip.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5766 	4game.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
5771 	abof.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
5787 	stranamam.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5796 	shawacademy.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
5805 	climatempo.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5825 	politikus.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5828 	connexus.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5835 	zoom.com.br 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
5845 	myschoolapp.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5891 	tsb.co.uk 	sessioncam.com 	evidence of session recording
5895 	mrporter.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5900 	tvfplay.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
5905 	domofond.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5914 	collider.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5928 	dirty.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5940 	songsterr.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
5940 	songsterr.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5957 	editorialmanager.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5970 	webmotors.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5980 	wind.it 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
5988 	letyshops.ru 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
5991 	craftsvilla.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6031 	yemeksepeti.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
6036 	legalporno.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6060 	contra.gr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6064 	overclockers.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6069 	alwatanvoice.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6080 	irr.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6081 	socialmediaexaminer.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6084 	smartinf.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
6091 	thermofisher.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6097 	megaresheba.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6129 	startv.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6153 	eleman.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6154 	svpressa.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6155 	dallasnews.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6173 	olx.bg 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6185 	tim.com.br 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6189 	sdpnoticias.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
6197 	coindesk.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6213 	cvent.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
6219 	edimdoma.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6223 	songx.pk 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6235 	tele2.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6238 	toyota.com 	decibelinsight.net 	analytics script exists
6241 	okdiario.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6247 	subscribe.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6248 	telenet.be 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6250 	sainsburys.co.uk 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
6253 	tengrinews.kz 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6261 	vitalsource.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6280 	cardinalcommerce.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6290 	kissmetrics.com 	fullstory.com 	evidence of session recording
6290 	kissmetrics.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6303 	iol.co.za 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6307 	publitas.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6311 	chainreactioncycles.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6347 	t3n.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6354 	omgpm.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
6362 	manchestereveningnews.co.uk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6364 	rlsnet.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6366 	big.az 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6371 	school.mosreg.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6372 	rusfolder.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6373 	sima-land.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6379 	m24.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6380 	sondakika.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6384 	goodfon.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6386 	hitfile.net 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
6415 	sling.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6417 	adcash.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6425 	canlitv.mobi 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6432 	rome2rio.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6442 	omniture.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
6446 	vseinstrumenti.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6448 	sdna.gr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6457 	yepi.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6469 	grepolis.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6473 	sigmalive.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6514 	yandex.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6525 	diy.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
6539 	dynamics.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
6548 	vecernji.hr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6563 	grouple.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6564 	findanime.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6575 	niniban.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6576 	ee.co.uk 	decibelinsight.net 	evidence of session recording
6584 	savevideo.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6594 	discoveryeducation.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6596 	888casino.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6599 	rte.ie 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6611 	webdesignerdepot.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6617 	mapy.cz 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6619 	matchtv.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6620 	eadaily.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6622 	doda.jp 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
6630 	torentor.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6675 	olymptrade.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6678 	ulke.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6686 	leroymerlin.es 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6692 	colonelcassad.livejournal.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6693 	promodj.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
6699 	gezginler.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6706 	mindbodygreen.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6713 	hotntubes.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6727 	motogp.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6730 	garant.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6738 	mitlukashermann.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6741 	football.ua 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
6747 	comodo.com 	hotjar.com 	evidence of session recording
6761 	live-smi.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6762 	passeidireto.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6771 	pipedrive.com 	decibelinsight.net 	evidence of session recording
6771 	pipedrive.com 	hotjar.com 	evidence of session recording
6772 	101.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
6773 	maam.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6774 	avon.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
6775 	magoosh.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6779 	oszone.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6789 	goldenline.pl 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6794 	kufar.by 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6803 	videomore.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6813 	airfrance.fr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6826 	frontier.com 	fullstory.com 	evidence of session recording
6832 	uniblue.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
6842 	toster.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6844 	datafilehost.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6861 	vedomosti.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
6862 	codeschool.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
6864 	materiel.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6885 	fanatics.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6891 	wishpond.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6893 	thewirecutter.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
6901 	parapolitika.gr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6901 	parapolitika.gr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6914 	hotmart.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6916 	allbesta.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6923 	karar.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6923 	karar.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6924 	despegar.com.ar 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6931 	citethisforme.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
6947 	gooool.org 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
6950 	synxis.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
6950 	synxis.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
6953 	jbhifi.com.au 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
6960 	rulit.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6961 	thequestion.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
6962 	rogers.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
6977 	myshows.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7004 	dll-files.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
7005 	zenmate.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7007 	pure-t.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7009 	auth0.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7018 	three.co.uk 	decibelinsight.net 	analytics script exists
7036 	customink.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
7037 	express.de 	decibelinsight.net 	evidence of session recording
7050 	wallapop.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7057 	diario.mx 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7058 	enterprise.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
7078 	tiki.vn 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7085 	pakwheels.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7086 	dstv.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7111 	codechef.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7115 	ebela.in 	smartlook.com 	evidence of session recording
7115 	ebela.in 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
7133 	kat.how 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7161 	tes.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7166 	gsp.ro 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7169 	whoer.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7170 	mendeley.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7185 	ucoz.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7193 	tubelombia.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7196 	express.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
7209 	graphicstock.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
7209 	graphicstock.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7212 	fox-fan.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7214 	snob.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7224 	iprima.cz 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7226 	yoast.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7240 	worldofwarships.eu 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7242 	foodpanda.in 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7248 	firstcry.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7279 	bitdefender.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7297 	net.hr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7298 	crateandbarrel.com 	userreplay.net 	evidence of session recording
7319 	riverisland.com 	decibelinsight.net 	analytics script exists
7340 	zarplata.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7345 	hubspot.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7349 	turkcinema.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7360 	alitalia.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7377 	acrobat.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
7382 	vivud.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7387 	lse.ac.uk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7394 	timesofindia.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
7395 	yapikredi.com.tr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7399 	povar.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7400 	wadi.com 	quantummetric.com 	evidence of session recording
7413 	kanobu.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7421 	qafqazinfo.az 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
7444 	novayagazeta.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
7460 	gameblog.fr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7462 	kismia.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
7467 	babyou.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
7485 	stopgame.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7491 	cyberleninka.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7492 	gucci.com 	decibelinsight.net 	analytics script exists
7493 	zakon.kz 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7497 	gob.cl 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7498 	chouseisan.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
7509 	teknosa.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7509 	teknosa.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7520 	hdkinoteatr.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7531 	softonic.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7557 	comcast.com 	userreplay.net 	evidence of session recording
7569 	spreadshirt.com 	sessioncam.com 	evidence of session recording
7581 	audioz.download 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7591 	ebs.in 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
7597 	cetobeto.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7599 	easycounter.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7615 	jamieoliver.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7630 	sydney.edu.au 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7631 	lyricsfreak.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7643 	appear.in 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7648 	forexpf.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7660 	ulozto.cz 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7665 	stoloto.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7666 	libertatea.ro 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7670 	kuleuven.be 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7691 	jomashop.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7697 	rosbalt.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7712 	multoigri.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7727 	carters.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
7728 	bva-auctions.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7730 	forbes.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7749 	horoscope.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7753 	finishline.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
7753 	finishline.com 	inspectlet.com 	evidence of session recording
7761 	technologyreview.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7767 	the-village.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
7773 	mapsofworld.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7776 	flyfrontier.com 	quantummetric.com 	evidence of session recording
7789 	awd.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7793 	appfolio.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7795 	makeagif.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7802 	loveplanet.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
7805 	kinozz.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7811 	fontanka.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7813 	gamebomb.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7828 	nolo.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7858 	101xp.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7863 	worldoftanks.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7866 	jobstreet.com.my 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7868 	pravda.sk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7873 	detmir.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7881 	my-shop.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7888 	occ.com.mx 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7899 	zive.cz 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7902 	maisonsdumonde.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7905 	xcams.fr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7920 	flydubai.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7922 	bufferapp.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
7926 	trend.az 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7928 	elibrary.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7931 	ykt.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7934 	patagonia.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7936 	spidersweb.pl 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7940 	planningcenteronline.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7943 	iconosquare.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7955 	bibme.org 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
7965 	justclick.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7967 	mimp3.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
7985 	idealista.it 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8005 	gdz.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8007 	poiskm.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8022 	megashara.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8053 	englishforums.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8059 	driverupdate.net 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8060 	start.me 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8061 	dom2-fan.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8070 	geocaching.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8081 	evidence of session recordingcar.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
8095 	puma.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
8097 	hse.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8100 	liga.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8105 	standaard.be 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8110 	yoob.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8111 	sdamgia.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8117 	edf.fr 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
8133 	dni.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8139 	peixeurbano.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8142 	resellerclub.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8144 	echosign.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
8145 	faberlic.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8152 	spletnik.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8161 	turkcell.com.tr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8192 	littleone.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8196 	rich-birds.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8198 	eda.ru 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8211 	astromeridian.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8215 	hertz.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8228 	heraldsun.com.au 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8237 	rochester.edu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8248 	mindtools.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8260 	uznayvse.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8276 	x-rates.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
8278 	wooordhunt.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8299 	playfulbet.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8301 	shaw.ca 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
8313 	ctc.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8319 	7days.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8326 	hurriyetemlak.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8326 	hurriyetemlak.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8328 	3ddd.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8330 	reg.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8346 	touchofmodern.com 	quantummetric.com 	evidence of session recording
8346 	touchofmodern.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
8346 	touchofmodern.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
8348 	jsbin.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
8349 	mtv.fi 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8360 	nn.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8361 	sbazar.cz 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
8364 	shikimori.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8367 	lexisnexis.com 	decibelinsight.net 	evidence of session recording
8372 	incrivel.club 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8374 	gibdd.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8387 	blamper.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8391 	vodafone.es 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8423 	oldnavy.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
8426 	which.co.uk 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
8430 	petfinder.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
8442 	vokrug.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8443 	paysafecard.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8450 	holidaycheck.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8451 	katespade.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8461 	hemnet.se 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8471 	animespirit.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8484 	bangkokpost.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8492 	consultaremedios.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8493 	liquidweb.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8509 	smotri.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8511 	akamai.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
8513 	biglion.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8514 	mirraw.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
8515 	forumhouse.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8531 	jeffreestarcosmetics.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8538 	trud.com 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8539 	satu.kz 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8548 	ku.edu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8549 	xuk.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8572 	vtb24.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8575 	ecwid.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8575 	ecwid.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
8575 	ecwid.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8576 	unionpeer.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8589 	theaustralian.com.au 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8594 	zap.co.il 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8598 	riafan.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8600 	europaplus.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8601 	met-art.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
8611 	trinixy.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8616 	digistyle.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
8621 	royalads.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8624 	benchmarkemail.com 	mouseflow.com 	analytics script exists
8624 	benchmarkemail.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
8633 	tvigle.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8637 	game-game.com.ua 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8646 	greenmangaming.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8652 	midwayusa.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8655 	hostgator.in 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8659 	corsair.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8662 	flypgs.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8663 	grupobancolombia.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8689 	theoutnet.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
8706 	hashflare.io 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8717 	torrentor.co 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8718 	tirto.id 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8720 	giffgaff.com 	sessioncam.com 	evidence of session recording
8726 	ghostvidstube.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8743 	academyun.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8758 	orange.pl 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
8759 	newsru.co.il 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8766 	cancer.org 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8767 	lance.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8769 	anistar.me 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8776 	cell.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
8778 	pistonheads.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8783 	rgho.st 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8804 	thenorthface.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
8804 	thenorthface.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8809 	tenkofx.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8817 	news.am 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8830 	telus.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
8834 	qantas.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8850 	beon.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8851 	intelius.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
8872 	mlbshop.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8880 	spareroom.co.uk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8888 	24timezones.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8892 	instamojo.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
8905 	cam4.fr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8910 	sci-hub.bz 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8911 	anews.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8912 	rp.pl 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8920 	blizko.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
8933 	doramakun.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8934 	drp.su 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8943 	blueapron.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
8945 	hasznaltauto.hu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
8970 	womanadvice.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8979 	morhipo.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
8979 	morhipo.com 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
8996 	doktorsitesi.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9001 	capgemini.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9002 	msu.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9007 	guru99.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9014 	grandars.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9016 	youmob.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9030 	cutezee.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9045 	sportingnews.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9058 	shop.com 	userreplay.net 	evidence of session recording
9076 	game.co.uk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9078 	text.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
9079 	pravda.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9080 	ancestry.co.uk 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
9095 	sbis.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9104 	e-katalog.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9107 	michaelkors.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9121 	sovsport.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9122 	paychex.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9156 	htmlbook.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9164 	sagepay.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9167 	thecelebritylane.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9177 	worldofwarships.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9184 	bkm.com.tr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9188 	magentocommerce.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9192 	bibliofond.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
9207 	pravoslavie.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9223 	neu.edu 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9223 	neu.edu 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
9237 	tparser.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9244 	mp3tunes.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9259 	funshop.co.kr 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9261 	100sp.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
9265 	rosreestr.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9266 	experian.com 	decibelinsight.net 	evidence of session recording
9286 	sibnet.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9328 	codeforces.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9337 	myus.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9351 	ohnotheydidnt.livejournal.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9360 	disneystore.com 	quantummetric.com 	evidence of session recording
9363 	gordonua.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9377 	dillards.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
9390 	elderscrollsonline.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9397 	seekingarrangement.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9417 	fodors.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9426 	nottingham.ac.uk 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9427 	zakupki.gov.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9428 	myvi.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9441 	sur.ly 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9451 	sp-fan.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9461 	kinoprofi.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9478 	parallels.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9480 	photoshop-master.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9487 	megaserial.net 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9491 	lyrsense.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9492 	tekfullhdfilmizle.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9496 	alborsagia.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9501 	quidco.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9507 	muni.cz 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9513 	charter97.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9521 	chto-proishodit.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9545 	only-tv.org 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9546 	hyundai.com 	sessioncam.com 	analytics script exists
9553 	gnezdo.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9554 	flyertalk.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9560 	deseretnews.com 	mouseflow.com 	evidence of session recording
9560 	deseretnews.com 	hotjar.com 	evidence of session recording
9569 	avon.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9600 	apteka.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
9611 	en.wordpress.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9612 	postila.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9618 	lyricsmode.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9651 	igromania.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9657 	ifunny.co 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
9658 	f5haber.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9666 	bigpicture.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9670 	shopfacil.com.br 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9679 	azbyka.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9681 	pulscen.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
9713 	bzwbk.pl 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9725 	pr-cy.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9734 	swiggy.com 	inspectlet.com 	analytics script exists
9738 	ognyvo.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
9741 	myopportunity.com 	fullstory.com 	analytics script exists
9753 	trojmiasto.pl 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9755 	yourcinema.tv 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9765 	9111.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
9767 	kupivip.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9775 	see.xxx 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9791 	hornbach.de 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9799 	mobile-review.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9803 	joxi.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9807 	legalzoom.com 	quantummetric.com 	evidence of session recording
9809 	kosmetista.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9829 	harrods.com 	userreplay.net 	analytics script exists
9832 	eleconomista.com.mx 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9845 	khl.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9859 	tonkosti.ru 	yandex.ru 	evidence of session recording
9860 	bnext.com.tw 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9873 	bose.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording
9880 	torrent-tv.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9888 	my-hit.me 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9908 	kaspersky.ru 	clicktale.net 	analytics script exists
9908 	kaspersky.ru 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9969 	chevrolet.com 	decibelinsight.net 	evidence of session recording
9972 	leagueoflegends.co.kr 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9975 	modxvm.com 	yandex.ru 	analytics script exists
9987 	evilangel.com 	hotjar.com 	analytics script exists
9996 	petco.com 	clicktale.net 	evidence of session recording

Kultur-Hackathon Coding da Vinci mit spannenden Datasets


Coding da Vinci ist der Kulturhackathon in Deutschland. Im Zentrum stehen die freie Verfügbarkeit und Nutzbarkeit von Kulturdaten. Coding da Vinci vernetzt technikaffine und kulturbegeisterte Communities mit deutschen Kultur­insti­tu­tionen, um gemeinsam das kreative Potential, das in unserem digitalen Kulturerbe schlummert, zu wecken und zu entfalten.

In den letzten drei Jahren wurden bereits viele Daten unter offener Lizenz zur Verfügung gestellt und im Rahmen von Coding da Vinci in überraschende, spannende und beeindruckende Projekte und Innovationen verwandelt.

Und 2017 geht die Reise weiter. Mit Coding da Vinci Berlin kehren wir nach Berlin zurück und legen diesmal einen Schwerpunkt auf die Region Berlin-Brandenburg.


21./22. Oktober, Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft


6 Wochen, um kooperativ Projekte umzusetzen


2. Dezember, Jüdisches Museum Berlin


Für die teilnehmenden Kulturinstitutionen bietet Coding da Vinci die Gelegenheit, im Gespräch mit enthusiastischen Programmierer/innen, Designer/innen, Hardware-Bastlern, Wissenschaftler/innen, Künstler/innen und technikaffinen Kulturbegeisterten einen anderen Blick auf den eigenen digitalen Bestand zu werfen und neue Zielgruppen und Interessierte sowie Förder/innen für das digitale kulturelle Erbe zu gewinnen.

Dieses Jahr arbeiten wir mit 19 Institutionen zusammen, deren Sitz überwiegend in Berlin und Brandenburg ist. Sie haben insgesamt 30 neue Datensets für das Coding da Vinci Datenportal zur Verfügung gestellt. Unter den Daten finden sich vor allem Bilder und Texte, aber auch Sound- und Filmdateien, 3D-Scans, sphärische Bildsequenzen und natürlich viele Metadaten. Alle Daten sind unter freien Lizenzen verfügbar und können so von den Coding da Vinci-Teilnehmern beliebig remixt, neu kontextualisiert oder anderweitig kreativ genutzt und zum Leben erweckt werden.

Möchten auch Sie mit Ihrer Einrichtung erkunden, welche Möglichkeiten in Ihren Digitalisaten und Metadaten stecken und bei einer zukünftigen Ausgabe von Coding da Vinci dabei sein? Melden Sie sich einfach bei uns. Wir freuen uns auf Sie und ihre Daten.


Wir laden alle Kunst- und Kultur-, Technik-, Design- und Gamesliebhaber/innen zum Kulturhackathon Coding da Vinci ein! Wenn Du Lust hast, 2017 Teil von Coding da Vinci Berlin zu sein, dann melde Dich hier an.

Bei Coding da Vinci entwickelst Du in einem sich neu bildenden oder durch neue Leute erweiternden Team (bitte keine geschlossenen Teams) ein Projekt, welches mindestens einen Datensatz aus dem Coding da Vinci Datenportal verwendet. Alle Ergebnisse des Hackathons – vom Quellcode bis zu Bildern – sollen unter freien Lizenzen (Open Source bzw. Open Definition) der Öffentlichkeit zur Verfügung gestellt werden.

Projekte, die am öffentlichen Wettbewerb von Coding da Vinci und an der Preisverleihung am 2. Dezember im Jüdischen Museum teilnehmen möchten, müssen diese bis zum 27. November auf dem Coding da Vinci-Hackdash eingetragen haben und die obigen Kriterien erfüllen. Der Rechtsweg ist ausgeschlossen.

Falls Du dieses Jahr nicht teilnehmen kannst, aber nicht verpassen willst, wann und wo die nächste Ausgabe von Coding da Vinci stattfindet, dann trage Dich in unsere Mailingliste ein und (falls Du in Berlin bist) tritt unserem Meetup bei.


Wir beginnen mit einem Kick-Off am 21. und 22. Oktober in der Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin. Die aktiven Teilnehmer werden sich an diesem Wochenende zu Teams zusammenfinden, die dann in einer sechswöchigen Sprint-Phase Ideen für mobile Apps, Webseiten, Datenvisualisierungen, Spiele und interaktive Installationen praktisch umsetzen. In einer großen Abschlussveranstaltung am 2. Dezember am Jüdisches Museum Berlin werden die Ergebnisse der Öffentlichkeit vorgestellt. Unsere Jury wird besonders herausragende Projekte prämieren.

1. Auftakt

21. Oktober
10:00 Registration opens
11:00 Begrüßung durch die Veranstalter
11:30 Daten - One Minute Madness
12:15 Datenpräsentationen
13:15 Lunch
14:30 Datenpräsentationen
15:30 Kaffeepause
16:30 Ideenpitch, Teams bilden & Hacken
18:30 Abendsnack
19:00 Wrap up
21:00 Ende
22. Oktober
10:00 Start des Entwicklertages
11:00 Begrüßung
11:15 Arbeitszeit
11:30 Input-Session: Wikidata Workshop
11:30 Input-Session: Entwicklung von Augmented- und Virtual-Reality-Anwendungen mit Unity
13:00 Lunch
14:00 Input-Session: Erste Schritte in Internet der Dinge
14:00 Input-Session: Datenschnittstellen im Kulturbereich – API der DDB
15:00 Input-Session: HTW CAVE
16:30 Wrap Up
17:00 Ende

2. Sprint

Bis zur Preisverleihung habt ihr 6 Wochen Zeit, um euer Projekt voranzutreiben.

3. Preisverleihung

2. Dezember
11:30 Einlass
12:30 Begrüßung
13:00 Ergebnispräsentation der Teams
15:30 Demos / Jurysitzung / Publikumsstimmungsbild / Snacks
17:00 Preisverleihung durch die Jury
18:00 Verabschiedung

Veranstaltungsort Preisverleihung: Jüdisches Museum Berlin, Lindenstr. 9-14, 10969 Berlin


Mash it!

Wissensgewinn und neue Erkenntnisse durch Verknüpfung von verschiedenen Datensätzen: Wir haben zahlreiche Kultur-Datasets. Wir haben die API der DDB. Wir haben die API der Wikipedia. Wir haben Open Street Map. … Was macht Ihr damit? Mash it!

Beispiele: Linked Open Data, Datenanalyse, Mashup, Kontext herstellen

Mash it!

Move it!

Mehr Beteiligung an Kultur ermöglichen und Barrieren abbauen: Die Kuratorin wählt die Werke aus. Der Museumsführer zeigt die Highlights der Sammlung. Der Audioguide vertont. Und wir schauen und hören zu. Mach’ uns ein Angebot. Move it!

Beispiele: User Experience, Augmented Reality, Social Media

Move it!

Discover it!

Spielerisches Lernen oder Zuordnen, Kulturwissen anschaulich und verständlich vermitteln: Bücher stehen in der Bibliothek. Akten sind im Archiv. Bilder und Skulpturen hängen in Museen und Galerien. Unterschiedlichste Objekte, vielfältige Zugänge. Wie kann man diese Objekte miteinander verbinden, so dass alle einen Zugang zu ihnen bekommen können? Discover it!

Beispiele: Stadtführer, EduGames, Verorten in Zeit und Raum

Discover it!

Improve it!

Die Sammlungen der Institutionen schöner vermitteln oder ihre Daten nutzbarer machen - erfüllt ihnen einen Wunsch. Manche archivieren Filme, andere bewahren Töne oder sammeln Pflanzen. Alles hat mit allem zu tun. Wie kann man einen neuen Blick auf die Bestände werfen? Wie kann man die Sammlungen um das Wissen der Welt bereichern? Wie muss der Werkzeug­kasten einer Kultur­einrichtung heute aussehen? Improve it!

Beispiele: Scraper bauen, Datenqualität verbessern, Tagging, Geolocation

Improve it!


Alle Team-Projekte werden nach 5 Kategorien: “most technical”, “most useful”, “best design”, “funniest hack” und “out of competition” bewertet. Das Publikum wird gebeten, ein Lieblingsprojekt im Rahmen eines Publikumpreises zu nominieren.

1 Jahr FabLab Basic Membership + 50€ Gutschein pro Person

Freikarten für Re:publica, 2.-4. Mai 2018

Spektrum Berlin Workshop Gutschein im Wert von 100€ pro Person

Co-Creation Workshop zur Innovativen Daten-Visualisierung

Kulturkarte Silber für Berlin im Wert von 100€ pro Person

Museumskarte Classic Plus im Wert von 100€ pro Person


Karin Glasemann
Karin Glasemann

Digital Coordinator

Nationalmuseum Sweden

Michael Büchner
Michael Büchner

Technische Koordination

Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek

Helene Hahn
Helene Hahn

Projektleiterin (und Coding da Vinci Mitbegründerin)

Open Knowledge Foundation Deutschland

Thorsten Koch
Thorsten Koch

Mathematiker, Entwickler

Leiter der Servicestelle Digitalisierung Berlin

Kurt Jannson
Kurt Jansson

Stellvertretender Vorsitzender Wikimedia Deutschland e. V.

Wikimedia Deutschland



„Bei Coding da Vinci trifft die innovative Hacker-Community auf unser reiches Kulturerbe - und schafft dabei wunderbar Neues. Das ist für mich eine ganz besonders schöne Form von SHARING HERITAGE!“

Dr. Uwe Koch, Leiter der Geschäftsstelle des Deutschen Nationalkomitees für Denkmalschutz



Philippe Genêt
Mail: codingdavinci AT zib.de


Wikimedia Deutschland e.V.
Tempelhofer Ufer 23-24, 10963 Berlin
Tel: +49 30 219158260
Fax: +49 30 219158269


Design: FUK Graphic Design Studio
Font "Archive" von Svetoslav Simov/Fontfabric

Wenn nicht anders angegeben, sind Textinhalte und bildliche Designelemente unter CC-BY 4.0 lizenziert.


Auf www.wikimedia.de/de/impressum finden Sie alle Hinweise darüber, was mit Ihren personenbezogenen Daten passiert, wenn Sie diese oder andere Websites von Wikimedia Deutschland besuchen.

Ein Projekt von
Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek Open Knowledge Foundation Deutschland Digis Servicestelle Digitalisierung Wikimedia Deutschland

Gefördert im Programm Kultur Digital der

Kulturstiftung des Bundes

Roboter reden ein Wörtchen mit

Was sagt denn der Grammatik-Papst, Duden-Revisor, TU- und UdK-Urgestein Peter Eisenberg dazu:

Sprachwandel durch intelligente Maschinen?

In dieser Woche ist der neue Rechtschreibduden erschienen. Einen Tag zuvor war der Verkaufsstart von Google Home, dem “intelligenten Lautsprecher” mit Sprachfunktion. Zwei Ereignisse ohne Zusammenhang? Nein. Beide haben etwas mit Sprachwandel zu tun – dem realen, heutigen, und dem virtuellen, zukünftigen.

Sprachwandel kann viele Ursachen haben: kulturelle Einflüsse, Migration, Sprachkontakt, Medien, Bildungsprozesse oder sprachsystembedingte Faktoren etwa. Der Duden dokumentiert diesen Wandel für den Wortbestand des Deutschen. Die gerade erschienene 27. Auflage dieses Wörterbuchs, dessen Verlag “Bibliografisches Institut” inzwischen zur Cornelsen-Gruppe gehört, hat eine große Welle in den Medien nach sich gezogen mit den 5.000 Wörtern, die neu aufgenommen wurden. Gleichzeitig sind auch viele Wörter gegenüber der 26. Auflage verschwunden, “Jahr-2000-fähig” etwa. Bei manchen Wörtern ändern sich auch die Angaben zur Deklination oder Konjugation, zum Kasus, den ein Wort von einem anderen fordert, oder zur Bedeutung. All das lässt den kontinuierlichen Wandel, dem jede Sprache unterliegt, erkennbar werden, zumindest den Teil des Sprachwandels, der sich im Wortgebrauch manifestiert. Wandel im Bereich der Grammatik und der Sprachverwendung ist schwerer und vor allem nur langfristiger beizukommen. Aber auch diesen gibt es heute – die Diskussion um das “Kiezdeutsch”, das die Potsdamer Germanistin Heike Wiese in ihrem gleichnamigen Buch beschrieben hat (“Machst du rote Ampel!”), hat sich um diese Ebenen des Sprachsystems gedreht.

Sprachwandel nach der 4. Revolution

Bislang war der Sprachwandel immer von Menschen herbeigeführt worden, manchmal bewusst durch Sprachkritiker oder Grammatiker, zumeist jedoch unbewusst infolge unzähliger Kommunikationsereignisse in einer Sprachgemeinschaft und im Kontakt mit anderen Sprachgemeinschaften. Erstmals jedoch wird seit einigen Jahren die menschliche Sprache auch von Maschinen genutzt, Google Home ist dafür ebenso ein Beispiel wie das Gerät Echo von Amazon, Microsofts Cortana oder die vielen anderen mündlichen und schriftlichen Sprachautomaten, die es inzwischen gibt. Der Informationsphilosoph Luciano Floridi ist der Meinung, dass mit der Digitalisierung eine vierte kulturelle Revolution einhergeht, die das Selbstverständnis des Menschen so grundlegend wandeln wird wie schon die drei Revolutionen zuvor: die Kopernikanische Revolution, nach der sich der Mensch auf seiner Erde nicht mehr im Zentrum des Universums sehen kann; die Darwin-Revolution, die dem Menschen auch seine Sonderstellung in der Natur genommen hat; und die Revolution, die sich mit Freud, der Verhaltenspsychologie und den Neurowissenschaften verbindet. Mit dieser Revolution ist dem Mensch auch die Hoffnung genommen worden, zumindest der Herrschaft im eigenen Oberstübchen innezuhaben, seine Psyche und seine Handlungen also vollständig durch Introspektion verstehen zu können. Nach der vierten Revolution schließlich, der der intelligenten Maschinen, wird dem Menschen nun auch noch das letzte Bisschen seines humanen Selbstverständnisses genommen, seine Intelligenz, und mit ihr die verschiedenen Ausprägungen intelligenten Verhaltens, etwas das Kommunizieren in natürlicher Sprache.

Vier Konstellationen der Einflussnahme

Wenn nun also nicht mehr nur Menschen in natürlicher Sprache kommunizieren, sondern auch Maschinen mit dem Menschen und womöglich sogar Maschinen untereinander, stellt sich die Frage, wie sich dies langfristig auf den Sprachwandel auswirken mag. Ich meine, dass es vier verschiedene Konstellationen zu beachten gilt:

  1. Unterstützte menschliche Kommunikation:
    Dies ist schon heute beim Schreiben auf Smartphones weit verbreitet. Der Rechner macht Wortvorschläge, entweder zur Vervollständigung einer Zeichensequenz oder für das nächste Wort im Text. Damit wird ein Bias zur Verwendung bestimmter Wörter erzeugt und zur Nicht-Verwendung anderer. Wörter, die nicht im Smartphone-Wörterbuch enthalten sind, werden möglicherweise tendenziell vermieden, genauso wie grammatische Konstruktionen, die von einem System nicht durch Wortvorschläge unterstützt werden.
    Was wir bislang beim Tippen auf Smartphones erleben, dürfte beim unterstützten Schreiben erst der Anfang sein. Microsoft etwa arbeitet an Systemen, die das Schreiben in einer Fremdsprache unterstützen oder Umformulierungen vorschlagen. Ist so etwas erst einmal in Word & Co. integriert, dürfte eine Auswirkung auf die Schriftsprache offensichtlich werden. Schon heute sind gewisse Folgen der Computer-vermittelten Kommunikation festzustellen, wie etwa Christa Dürscheid und Karina Frick in ihrem Buch “Schreiben digital” zeigen.
  2. Kommunikation mit virtuellen Systemen:
    Damit sind Systeme wie das neue Google Home, Amazon Echo oder Microsoft Cortana gemeint. Derartige Systeme verfügen bislang über eine Sprachkompetenz, die nicht situationsbezogen ist. Dies betrifft sowohl die wahrnehmbare Situation, in der kommuniziert wird (was einen gerade umgibt), als auch die diskursive Situation (was bereits vorher gesagt worden ist). Trotzdem prägen auch diese Systeme die Kommunikation mit dem Menschen, und zwar im umgekehrten Sinne: Bauen wir nämlich Erfahrung darin auf, was solche Systeme verstehen (im lexikalischen und grammatischen Sinne), dann stellen wir uns nach und nach darauf ein – so sind wir Menschen nun einmal gestrickt. Bestimmte Wörter und Konstruktionen meiden wir, andere benutzen wir bevorzugt. Dadurch wird beim Menschen eine kognitive Verstärkung bewirkt, die man Entrenchment nennt. Und diese wiederum bewirkt längerfristig einen sprachlichen Wandel.
    Zwar dürfte all das noch keine Rolle spielen mit den paar sprachfähigen Geräten, die uns demnächst umgeben werden. Wenn man aber bedenkt, dass vor gerade einmal zehn Jahren das iPhone als erstes Smartphone im heutigen Sinne auf den Markt gekommen ist, vermag ich mir nicht vorzustellen, was mit virtuellen sprachlichen Systemen in zehn Jahren alles möglich sein wird.
  3. Kommunikation mit intelligenten Robotern:
    Auch wenn dies immer noch besonders futuristisch erscheint, so handelt es sich dabei doch um eine Computerlinguistik-Anwendung, an der seit mehr als 40 Jahren gearbeitet wird. Schon bei den ersten halbwegs intelligenten Robotern, ob real oder simuliert (etwa Shakey oder SHRDLU), war eine natürlichsprachliche Schnittstelle integraler Bestandteil. Ganz anders als bei virtuellen Systemen sind Roboter in eine reale Situation eingebettet, müssen sehen und agieren können, was sich auch in der Sprachnutzung niederschlägt. Idealerweise sollten intelligente Roboter auf kurze Hinweise und Anweisungen reagieren können, was die Sprachnutzung im Handlungszusammenhang beeinflusst. Sind wir erst einmal von Servicerobotern im Alltag umgeben, dürfte daraus ein spezifischer sprachlicher Anweisungsstil, womöglich ein moderner “Sklavenhalterstil” hervorgehen, wie ihn Menschen untereinander (hoffentlich) nicht verwenden würden. Auch dies dürfte ein Impuls für einen zumindest partiellen Sprachwandel darstellen.
  4. Kommunikation intelligenter Systeme untereinander:
    Auch für diesen Fall gibt es bereits Erkenntnisse: Vor kurzem ging ein Forschungsbericht durch die Wissenschaftsmedien, in dem es um zwei Software-Agenten der Facebook-Forschung ging, die in natürlicher Sprache miteinander verhandeln können. Eigentlich sollten diese Agenten mit Menschen in Chats interagieren, sie wurden aber testweise auch auf ihresgleichen losgelassen. Da es von den Programmierern versäumt worden war, die Verwendung von wohlgeformtem Englisch bei den sprachlichen Äußerungen zu fixieren, bildeten diese Verhandlungschatbots nach und nach ihre eigene Sprache aus, ohne sich weiter um Grammatik und Lexik der englischen Sprache zu scheren. Aussagen wie “i i can i i i everything else” erhielten dabei eine klare Funktion und Bedeutung, die sich aufgrund des inzwischen erfolgten Abstimmungs- und Lernprozesses der Systeme selbst kaum von ihren Programmierern entschlüsseln ließ.
    Ähnliches hatte bereits vor einigen Jahren der Belgische KI-Forscher Luc Steels erreicht. In seinem “Talking Heads”-Experiment entwickelten Roboter durch verschiedene Sprachspiele ihr eigenes Vokabular und ihre eigene Grammatik. Steels wollte damit auch einen Betrag leisten zum Verständnis der Sprachentwicklung überhaupt, insbesondere zu der klassische Frage, wie sprachliche Symbole ihre intersubjektive Bedeutung erhalten haben.
    Dass die Kommunikation intelligenter System untereinander einmal einen Einfluss auf den Sprachwandel menschlicher Sprachen haben wird, bezweifle ich. Die Betrachtung dieser Art des Sprachwandels aber bildet eine wichtige Quelle zum Verständnis des Sprachwandels in menschlichen Gemeinschaften.

Sprachwandel ist nach einem halben Jahrhundert Abstinenz wieder zu einem großen Thema der Sprachwissenschaft geworden. Anders als früher wird dieser heute anhand großer digitaler Korpora untersucht. Für viele Bereiche der Computer-vermittelten oder Computer-beeinflussten Sprachverwendung existieren allerdings noch keine Referenzkorpora. Es steht zu erwarten, dass wir das Signal der Digitalisierung in der Daten bald deutlicher werden erkennen können.

Beitragsbild: Replikat von Walter Schulze-Mittendorffs Maschinenmensch Maria aus Fritz Langs Film “Metropolis” von 1927 (Ausschnitt). Quelle: WikipediaCC BY-SA 2.0

Veröffentlicht von


Henning Lobin ist seit 2018 Direktor des Instituts für Deutsche Sprache in Mannheim (Mitglied der Leibniz-Gemeinschaft) und Professor an der dortigen Universität. Zuvor war er ab 1999 Professor für Angewandte Sprachwissenschaft und Computerlinguistik an der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen. Von 2007 bis 2016 leitete er dort das interdisziplinäre Zentrum für Medien und Interaktivität, in dem die Auswirkungen von neuen Kommunikationsformen auf Wissenschaft, Kultur und Bildung untersucht werden. Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte bilden die Auswirkungen der Digitalisierung auf die Sprache, Texttechnologie und die multimediale Wissenschaftskommunikation. Gegenwärtig ist er u.a. Mitglied des Fachkollegiums "Sprachwissenschaft" der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft, germanistischer Fachbeiräte von DAAD und Goethe-Institut und des Forschungsbeirats der Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. Bei den SciLogs ist Henning Lobin Autor des Blogs "Die Engelbart-Galaxis" und Gast-Autor im Blog "Wissenschaftskommunikation hoch 3" der ACATECH, für die er auch als externer Experte für Fragen der Wissenschaftskommunikation in sozialen Medien fungierte. Lobin ist Autor von sieben Monografien und hat zahlreiche Sammelbände herausgegeben (Bücher bei Amazon, bei Buch.de und im Buchhandel). Zuletzt erschienen: Engelbarts Traum (Campus, 2014, polnische Übersetzung 2017). Im August 2018 ist im Metzler-Verlag erschienen: Digital und vernetzt. Das neue Bild der Sprache.

Der Sprachwandel zeigt sich in verkürzten Sätzen, weggelassenen Präpositionen, in Internetkürzeln.
Das kommt daher, dass die meisten nicht mit 10 Fingern eintippen können und mit nur 2 Fingern zu schreiben, dauert es zu lange. Also opfert man einen korrekten Satz einer verkrüppelten Verkürzung.
Dazu kommen natürlich noch die vielen Fachsubstantive, die man auch noch verbalisiert oder adjektivisiert.

In meinem Umfeld kenne ich kaum jemanden, der mit Siri, Cortana oder Alexa (Amazon) kommuniziert oder auch nur regelmässig Fragen stellt. Und das obwohl ich in einem Informatikumfeld tätig bin. Doch in diesem Umfeld wird heute vor allem getippt und nur wenig gesprochen.
Es hat sicher auch mit Gewohnheiten zu tun. Ich weiss zwar, dass ich Siri einfach diktieren könnte: “Stelle den Wecker auf 7:30”, doch das mache ich bis jetzt manuell und sehe auch keinen Grund, das zu ändern.
In den USA scheint aber beispielsweise Alexa schon eine ansehnliche Benutzergemeinde zu haben. In einer Dokumentation dazu erfuhr ich von einem Altersheim/Pflegeheim in dem Alexa von beispielsweise Sehschwachen/Teilblinden benutzt wird um Informationen über das Wetter und vieles mehr abzufragen oder um sich vorlesen oder alte Hits abspielen zu lassen. Das heisst, solche automatischen Zuhörer und “Versteher” können (Teil-)Behinderungen überwinden helfen.
Menschen ohne Behinderungen benutzen Alexa beispielsweise um sich während des Kochens ein Rezept vorlesen zu lassen oder überhaupt um während des häuslichen Arbeitens Rückfrage- und Unterhaltungsmöglichkeiten zu haben. Es braucht dann keine Tastatur, keine PC zu dem man laufen muss, sondern man frägt während des Kochens, Putzens, etc. Alexa, damit sie einem Hilfestellung gibt oder einen mit Musik, dem Wetterbericht unterhält oder damit es einen mit einem Bekannten telephonisch verbindet.

Doch von zwischenmenschlicher Kommunikation ist auch Alexa noch meilenweit entfernt. Das Sprachverständnis all dieser zuhörenden Assistenten ist sehr beschränkt.

@ Herr Holzherr :

Die “Pflegerobbe” Paro nicht zu vergessen, oder Eliza; helfen tut hier wohl entscheidend nur die Demenz, Abnehmerzufriedenheit meinend.

Insgesamt nerven den Schreiber dieser Zeilen, den Webbaer, auch Erfolgsmeldungen zunehmend ab, er ist vor vielen Jahren selbst ein wenig, auch im SciFi-Kontext, womöglich hat niemand mehr technische SciFi der Sechziger gelesen, als jemand, der jetzt noch lebt, irritiert worden.

Auch hier – ‘Nach der vierten Revolution schließlich, der der intelligenten Maschinen, wird dem Menschen nun auch noch das letzte Bisschen seines humanen Selbstverständnisses genommen, seine Intelligenz, und mit ihr die verschiedenen Ausprägungen intelligenten Verhaltens, etwas das Kommunizieren in natürlicher Sprache.’ – weiß Dr. Webbaer nicht so recht, ‘das letzte Bisschen seines humanen Selbstverständnisses’, tsk, tsk…

Marketing, es müsste Marketing vorliegen, die AI hat keineswegs derart, auch bei stark zunehmender CPU-Leistung, in den letzten Jahrzehnten derart geleistet, wie einstmals versprochen, und sie scheint nicht dabei zu sein, dies zukünftig zu tun, wie später versprochen.

Die Grenzen der Welten sind halt unüberwindbar, “Paro 3.0” wird ein schlaues Kerlchen sein, auch womöglich sehr putzig, aber doch ganz primär in seiner Welt unterwegs.
In puncto Linguistik wird hier Honig zu saugen sein, den teils auch sprachlich minderbemittelten hier gemeinten Primaten sozusagen bestmöglich zu unterstützen; Gegner dieser Entwicklung ist Dr. Webbaer selbstverständlich nicht.
Jede “Pflegerobbe” könnte die letzte sein.

Dr. Webbaer

Die “Drei Revolutionen” des hier gemeinten Primaten, sind dem Schreiber dieser Zeilen als die der Schrift, die des Buchdrucks und die der netzwerkbasierten (auch : globalen) Kommunikation, als die des “Webs” bekannt.

Inwieweit subordinierter Sprachmissbrauch, sog. Kiezdeutsch beispielsweise, hier hinein spielt, “Isch gehen Döner” hier als Exempel, sollen andere beurteilen, gerne auch “hypen”, wenn ihnen danach ist.

Ansonsten, vgl. mit ‘i i can i i i everything else’, der Webbaer hat sich einige Texte zu dieser Sache durchgelesen, darf womöglich auch hier gehofft werden, von anderen, dass sich auch die Sprache der AI günstig und vor allem auch : divers entwickelt.
(Der Webbaer ist sich sicher, dass Sätze, wie die zitierten, die auf ein ‘I i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i I i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i i’, also bildlich gesprochen vierzigfach auf ein ‘I’ hinaus laufen, nicht allzu viel Semantik transportieren werden. – Womöglich hapert es hier i.p. AI ein wenig und besonderes Erkennen muss nicht vermutet werden; medienwirksam war’s natürlich schon, aber derartige Gags der AI bereichern die Nachrichtengebung bereits seit geraumer Zeit. Vielleicht wissen Sie genau hierzu mehr, lieber Herr Dr. Lobin; dies dann auch gerne substanziiert beibringen, hier, womöglich.)

Ansonsten, die Sprache entwickelt sich sozusagen in atemberaubenden Tempo, jeden Tag werden neue Wörter erfunden, sinnhafterweise, die “Eingabehilfen” schaden keineswegs, und der Schreiber dieser Zeilen kann sich auch vorstellen, dass zwischen Maschinen Geteiltes auch bspw. der menschlichen Sprache ähnlich, in Form sogenannter XML-Dokumente, mehr und mehr stattfinden wird, also durchaus der menschlichen Sprache ähnlich.

Wobei die Maschinen die Welt verstehen müssten, was für sie nicht geht, jedenfalls nicht so wie im von dem hier gemeinten Primaten gemeinten Sinne; allerdings ist die Humansprache womöglich auch, wegen ihren Dichte i.p. Inhalt, für die Automaten geeignet, selbst wenn sie sie nicht verstehen.

MFG + schönes Wochenende schon einmal,
Dr. Webbaer

Zur (Zitat) Kommunikation mit intelligenten Robotern und zur (Zitat) Kommunikation intelligenter Systeme untereinander
Für die heutige Generation von Haushaltsrobotern wie Roomba, dem Staubsaugerroboter oder Mäh- und Gartenrobotern ist die Kommunikation heute auf das Abstecken der Arbeitsfläche durch den Besitzer beschränkt. Diese Roboter für den Hausgebrauch sind heute nicht humanoid. In der nahen Zukunft könnten sich solche Haushaltshilfen ähnlich wie Haustiere einweisen lassen – also durch Gesten, Fingerzeig etc.
Staubsauger, Garten- und Mähroboter sind heute meist auf Karten ihrer Arbeitsumgebung angewiesen. Allerdings erstellen sie diese Karten selber. Und iRobot, der Hersteller von Roomba denkt daran, die dabei erhobenen Daten an andere Firmen weiterzugeben, die im Umfeld des Smart Home anzusiedeln sind So sieht also die Kommunikation intelligenter Systeme untereinandern heute aus: es werden Kundendaten untereinander ausgetauscht um weitere Produkte zu unterstützen.

Das EU-Projekt Companions for Seniors Citizens geht in der Mensch-Maschinenkommunikation wesentlich weiter will es doch älteren Menschen den
1) Zugang zu den Internetdienstleistungen über eine Art Internet-Assistent erleichtern – einen Internet-Assistenten, der weiss wie man Internetdienste anspricht und der vom Benutzer sprachliche Befehle akzeptiert.
2) älteren Menschen durch den Alltag helfen (Getränke einschenken und servieren, etc)

Vor allem 2) scheint mir sehr ambitioniert und heute wohl noch nicht alltagstauglich.

Vortrag am Donnerstag in der Digital Eatery: der Gutenberg-Editor

Digital Eatery, Unter den Linden 17, Donnerstag 19 Uhr im Rahmen des WordPress Meetup Berlin gibts nen Vortrag von Maja Benke über den neuen Editor für WordPress: Gutenberg.



Gutenberg is more than an editor. While the editor is the focus right now, the project will ultimately impact the entire publishing experience including customization (the next focus area).

Discover more about the project.

Editing focus

The editor will create a new page- and post-building experience that makes writing rich posts effortless, and has “blocks” to make it easy what today might take shortcodes, custom HTML, or “mystery meat” embed discovery. — Matt Mullenweg

One thing that sets WordPress apart from other systems is that it allows you to create as rich a post layout as you can imagine — but only if you know HTML and CSS and build your own custom theme. By thinking of the editor as a tool to let you write rich posts and create beautiful layouts, we can transform WordPress into something users love WordPress, as opposed something they pick it because it’s what everyone else uses.

Gutenberg looks at the editor as more than a content field, revisiting a layout that has been largely unchanged for almost a decade.This allows us to holistically design a modern editing experience and build a foundation for things to come.

Here’s why we’re looking at the whole editing screen, as opposed to just the content field:

  1. The block unifies multiple interfaces. If we add that on top of the existing interface, it would add complexity, as opposed to remove it.
  2. By revisiting the interface, we can modernize the writing, editing, and publishing experience, with usability and simplicity in mind, benefitting both new and casual users.
  3. When singular block interface takes center stage, it demonstrates a clear path forward for developers to create premium blocks, superior to both shortcodes and widgets.
  4. Considering the whole interface lays a solid foundation for the next focus, full site customization.
  5. Looking at the full editor screen also gives us the opportunity to drastically modernize the foundation, and take steps towards a more fluid and JavaScript powered future that fully leverages the WordPress REST API.


Blocks are the unifying evolution of what is now covered, in different ways, by shortcodes, embeds, widgets, post formats, custom post types, theme options, meta-boxes, and other formatting elements. They embrace the breadth of functionality WordPress is capable of, with the clarity of a consistent user experience.

Imagine a custom “employee” block that a client can drag to an About page to automatically display a picture, name, and bio. A whole universe of plugins that all extend WordPress in the same way. Simplified menus and widgets. Users who can instantly understand and use WordPress — and 90% of plugins. This will allow you to easily compose beautiful posts like this example.

Check out the FAQ for answers to the most common questions about the project.


Posts are backwards compatible, and shortcodes will still work. We are continuously exploring how highly-tailored metaboxes can be accommodated, and are looking at solutions ranging from a plugin to disable Gutenberg to automatically detecting whether to load Gutenberg or not. While we want to make sure the new editing experience from writing to publishing is user-friendly, we’re committed to finding a good solution for highly-tailored existing sites.

The stages of Gutenberg

Gutenberg has three planned stages. The first, aimed for inclusion in WordPress 5.0, focuses on the post editing experience and the implementation of blocks. This initial phase focuses on a content-first approach. The use of blocks, as detailed above, allows you to focus on how your content will look without the distraction of other configuration options. This ultimately will help all users present their content in a way that is engaging, direct, and visual.

These foundational elements will pave the way for stages two and three, planned for the next year, to go beyond the post into page templates and ultimately, full site customization.

Gutenberg is a big change, and there will be ways to ensure that existing functionality (like shortcodes and meta-boxes) continue to work while allowing developers the time and paths to transition effectively. Ultimately, it will open new opportunities for plugin and theme developers to better serve users through a more engaging and visual experience that takes advantage of a toolset supported by core.


Gutenberg is built by many contributors and volunteers. Please see the full list in CONTRIBUTORS.md.


This plugin provides 11 blocks.



How can I send feedback or get help with a bug?

We’d love to hear your bug reports, feature suggestions and any other feedback! Please head over to the GitHub issues page to search for existing issues or open a new one. While we’ll try to triage issues reported here on the plugin forum, you’ll get a faster response (and reduce duplication of effort) by keeping everything centralized in the GitHub repository.

How can I contribute?

We’re calling this editor project “Gutenberg” because it’s a big undertaking. We are working on it every day in GitHub, and we’d love your help building it.You’re also welcome to give feedback, the easiest is to join us in our Slack channel, #core-editor.


Where can I read more about Gutenberg?



This is the WORST feature wordpress could have added. Very bulky, can't see the editor at all, not user friendly. Thankfully a plugin is available to revert, but I hope WP goes back a step to get rid of this.

Worst editor I’ve ever seen

I disable it for all my clients, it's awful and a huge mess, and it adds extra stylesheets and garbage to the sourcecode so now I have to do more work to de-register all that crap. The whole thing is a huge slap in the face. This should be an OPTIONAL PLUGIN not default.

This is the Future of WordPress

I have 3 perspectives to look at with when I'm reviewing the new editor. First, as a developer: There've been extremely frustrating times when I started developing blocks for Gutenberg. Continuously altered styling and code, catching up with all the changed bits and plugin crashes after almost every Gutenberg update were hard times. But especially after 5.5 update and above, everything has become much more fun since it's evolved nicely! As a designer: There are zillions of UX dead ends and UI bits to be improved with the new editor, but I can see with each new update team are working hard to overcome those. I see there's still much to fix but so far so good (also contributing to fix those). I developed a block library for Gutenberg, and when developing it I've put myself into user's shoes to deliver the most out of a Gutenberg experience. For example, what's lacking was indicators of what I've changed in a block, so I've placed indicators. But most of the earlier improvements I've added have become obsolete with each update of Gutenberg, which is super cool! As a user: Back in November 2018 when I had a first glance of the plugin, yeah I hated it like the most. But this is a trending concept and new direction for content editors people are slowly getting used to. And the more I used it, the more it grew on me. Today, I'm just loving it tons more times than I would love Elementor, Visual Composer or Divi. Message to the haters My suggestion is; if you didn't like this new editor at first, maybe don't come over here and puke without hesitation just yet. Give it time, you will love it 🙂
Read all 2,797 reviews

Contributors & Developers

“Gutenberg” is open source software. The following people have contributed to this plugin.


“Gutenberg” has been translated into 44 locales. Thank you to the translators for their contributions.

Translate “Gutenberg” into your language.

Interested in development?

Browse the code, check out the SVN repository, or subscribe to the development log by RSS.




Bug Fixes




Die lockere Schraube im Kapitalismus hat einen Namen: Koch


Trump Rules

How G.O.P. Leaders Came to View Climate Change as Fake Science

CreditCreditLuke Sharrett/Bloomberg

WASHINGTON — The campaign ad appeared during the presidential contest of 2008. Rapid-fire images of belching smokestacks and melting ice sheets were followed by a soothing narrator who praised a candidate who had stood up to President George W. Bush and “sounded the alarm on global warming.”

It was not made for a Democrat, but for Senator John McCain, who had just secured the Republican nomination.

It is difficult to reconcile the Republican Party of 2008 with the party of 2017, whose leader, President Trump, has called global warming a hoax, reversed environmental policies that Mr. McCain advocated on his run for the White House, and this past week announced that he would take the nation out of the Paris climate accord, which was to bind the globe in an effort to halt the planet’s warming.

GlobalCreditCreditVideo by John McCain

The Republican Party’s fast journey from debating how to combat human-caused climate change to arguing that it does not exist is a story of big political money, Democratic hubris in the Obama years and a partisan chasm that grew over nine years like a crack in the Antarctic shelf, favoring extreme positions and uncompromising rhetoric over cooperation and conciliation.

“Most Republicans still do not regard climate change as a hoax,” said Whit Ayres, a Republican strategist who worked for Senator Marco Rubio’s presidential campaign. “But the entire climate change debate has now been caught up in the broader polarization of American politics.”

“In some ways,” he added, “it’s become yet another of the long list of litmus test issues that determine whether or not you’re a good Republican.”

Since Mr. McCain ran for president on climate credentials that were stronger than his opponent Barack Obama’s, the scientific evidence linking greenhouse gases from fossil fuels to the dangerous warming of the planet has grown stronger. Scientists have for the first time drawn concrete links between the planet’s warming atmosphere and changes that affect Americans’ daily lives and pocketbooks, from tidal flooding in Miami to prolonged water shortages in the Southwest to decreasing snow cover at ski resorts.

That scientific consensus was enough to pull virtually all of the major nations along. Conservative-leaning governments in Britain, France, Germany and Japan all signed on to successive climate change agreements.

Yet when Mr. Trump pulled the United States from the Paris accord, the Senate majority leader, the speaker of the House and every member of the elected Republican leadership were united in their praise.

Those divisions did not happen by themselves. Republican lawmakers were moved along by a campaign carefully crafted by fossil fuel industry players, most notably Charles D. and David H. Koch, the Kansas-based billionaires who run a chain of refineries (which can process 600,000 barrels of crude oil per day) as well as a subsidiary that owns or operates 4,000 miles of pipelines that move crude oil.

Government rules intended to slow climate change are “making people’s lives worse rather than better,” Charles Koch explained in a rare interview last year with Fortune, arguing that despite the costs, these efforts would make “very little difference in the future on what the temperature or the weather will be.”

Republican leadership has also been dominated by lawmakers whose constituents were genuinely threatened by policies that would raise the cost of burning fossil fuels, especially coal. Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, always sensitive to the coal fields in his state, rose through the ranks to become majority leader. Senator John Barrasso of Wyoming also climbed into leadership, then the chairmanship of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, as a champion of his coal state.

Mr. Trump has staffed his White House and cabinet with officials who have denied, or at least questioned, the existence of global warming. And he has adopted the Koch language, almost to the word. On Thursday, as Mr. Trump announced the United States’ withdrawal, he at once claimed that the Paris accord would cost the nation millions of jobs and that it would do next to nothing for the climate.

Beyond the White House, Representative Lamar Smith of Texas, chairman of the House Science Committee, held a hearing this spring aimed at debunking climate science, calling the global scientific consensus “exaggerations, personal agendas and questionable predictions.”

A small core of Republican lawmakers — most of whom are from swing districts and are at risk of losing their seats next year — are taking modest steps like introducing a nonbinding resolution in the House in March urging Congress to accept the risks presented by climate change.

But in Republican political circles, speaking out on the issue, let alone pushing climate policy, is politically dangerous. So for the most part, these moderate Republicans are biding their time, until it once again becomes safe for Republicans to talk more forcefully about climate change. The question is how long that will take.

“With 40 percent of Florida’s population at risk from sea-level rise, my state is on the front lines of climate change,” said Representative Carlos Curbelo, Republican of Florida. “South Florida residents are already beginning to feel the effects of climate change in their daily lives.”

It was called the “No Climate Tax” pledge, drafted by a new group called Americans for Prosperity that was funded by the Koch brothers. Its single sentence read: “I will oppose any legislation relating to climate change that includes a net increase in government revenue.” Representative Jim Jordan, Republican of Ohio, was the first member of Congress to sign it in July 2008.


The effort picked up steam the next year after the House of Representatives passed what is known as cap-and-trade legislation, a concept invented by conservative Reagan-era economists.

The idea was to create a statutory limit, or cap, on the overall amount of a certain type of pollution that could be emitted. Businesses could then buy and sell permits to pollute, choosing whether to invest more in pollution permits, or in cleaner technology that would then save them money and allow them to sell their allotted permits. The administration of the first President George Bush successfully deployed the first national cap-and-trade system in 1990 to lower emissions of the pollutants that cause acid rain. Mr. McCain pushed a cap-and-trade proposal to fight climate change.

“I thought we could get it done,” recalled Henry A. Waxman, a retired House Democrat who led the cap-and-trade push in 2009. “We just had two candidates from the Republican and Democratic parties who had run for president and agreed that climate change was a real threat.”

Conservative activists saw the legislative effort as an opportunity to transform the climate debate.

With the help of a small army of oil-industry-funded academics like Wei-Hock Soon of Harvard Smithsonian and think tanks like the Competitive Enterprise Institute, they had been working to discredit academics and government climate change scientists. The lawyer and conservative activist Chris Horner, whose legal clients have included the coal industry, gathered documents through the Freedom of Information Act to try to embarrass and further undermine the climate change research.

Myron Ebell, a senior fellow with the Competitive Enterprise Institute, worked behind the scenes to make sure Republican offices in Congress knew about Mr. Horner’s work — although at the time, many viewed Mr. Ebell skeptically, as an extremist pushing out-of-touch views.

In 2009, hackers broke into a climate research program at the University of East Anglia in England, then released the emails that conservatives said raised doubts about the validity of the research. In one email, a scientist talked of using a statistical “trick” in a chart illustrating a recent sharp warming trend. The research was ultimately validated, but damage was done.

As Congress moved toward actually passing climate change legislation, a fringe issue had become a part of the political mainstream.

“That was the turning point,” Mr. Horner said.

The House passed the cap-and-trade bill by seven votes, but it went nowhere in the Senate — Mr. Obama’s first major legislative defeat.

CreditCraig Mitchelldyer/Getty Images

Unshackled by the Supreme Court’s Citizens United decision and other related rulings, which ended corporate campaign finance restrictions, Koch Industries and Americans for Prosperity started an all-fronts campaign with television advertising, social media and cross-country events aimed at electing lawmakers who would ensure that the fossil fuel industry would not have to worry about new pollution regulations.

Their first target: unseating Democratic lawmakers such as Representatives Rick Boucher and Tom Perriello of Virginia, who had voted for the House cap-and-trade bill, and replacing them with Republicans who were seen as more in step with struggling Appalachia, and who pledged never to push climate change measures.

But Americans for Prosperity also wanted to send a message to Republicans.

Until 2010, some Republicans ran ads in House and Senate races showing their support for green energy.

“After that, it disappeared from Republican ads,” said Tim Phillips, the president of Americans for Prosperity. “Part of that was the polling, and part of it was the visceral example of what happened to their colleagues who had done that.”

What happened was clear. Republicans who asserted support for climate change legislation or the seriousness of the climate threat saw their money dry up or, worse, a primary challenger arise.

“It told Republicans that we were serious,” Mr. Phillips said, “that we would spend some serious money against them.”

By the time Election Day 2010 arrived, 165 congressional members and candidates had signed Americans for Prosperity’s “No Climate Tax” pledge.

Most were victorious.

“The midterm election was a clear rejection of policies like the cap-and-trade energy taxes that threaten our still-fragile economy,” said James Valvo, then Americans for Prosperity’s government affairs director, in a statement issued the day after the November 2010 election. Eighty-three of the 92 new members of Congress had signed the pledge.

Even for congressional veterans, that message was not missed. Representative Fred Upton, a Michigan Republican who once called climate change “a serious problem” and co-sponsored a bill to promote energy-efficient light bulbs, tacked right after the 2010 elections as he battled to be chairman of the powerful House Energy and Commerce Committee against Joe Barton, a Texan who mocked human-caused climate change.

Mr. Upton deleted references to climate change from his website. “If you look, the last year was the warmest year on record, the warmest decade on record. I accept that,” he offered that fall. “I do not say that it’s man-made.”

Mr. Upton, who has received more than $2 million in campaign donations from oil and gas companies and electric utilities over the course of his career, won the chairmanship and has coasted comfortably to re-election since.

Two years later, conservative “super PACs” took aim at Senator Richard G. Lugar of Indiana, a senior Republican who publicly voiced climate concerns, backed the creation of a Midwestern cap-and-trade program and drove a Prius. After six Senate terms, Mr. Lugar lost his primary to a Tea Party challenger, Richard E. Mourdock. Although Mr. Lugar says other reasons contributed, he and his opponents say his public views on climate change played a crucial role.

“In my own campaign, there were people who felt strongly enough about my views on climate change to use it to help defeat me, and other Republicans are very sensitive to that possibility,” Mr. Lugar said in an interview. “So even if they privately believe we ought to do something about it, they’re reticent, especially with the Republican president taking the views he is now taking.”

After winning re-election in 2012, Mr. Obama understood his second-term agenda would have to rely on executive authority, not legislation that would go nowhere in the Republican-majority Congress. And climate change was the great unfinished business of his first term.

CreditDoug Mills/The New York Times

To finish it, he would deploy a rarely used provision in the Clean Air Act of 1970, which gave the Environmental Protection Agency the authority to issue regulations on carbon dioxide.

“If Congress won’t act soon to protect future generations, I will,” he declared in his 2013 State of the Union address.

The result was the Clean Power Plan, which would significantly cut planet-warming emissions by forcing the closing of hundreds of heavy-polluting coal-fired power plants.

The end run around Congress had consequences of its own. To Republican (and some Democratic) critics, the Clean Power Plan exemplified everything they opposed about Mr. Obama: He seemed to them imperious, heavy-handed, pleasing to the elites on the East and West Coasts and in the capitals of Europe, but callous to the blue-collar workers of coal and oil country.

“It fed into this notion of executive overreach,” said Heather Zichal, who advised Mr. Obama on climate policy. “I don’t think there was a good enough job on managing the narrative.”

Republicans who had supported the climate change agenda began to defect and have since stayed away.

“On the issue of climate change, I think it’s happening,” Mr. McCain said in a CNN podcast interview last April. But, he said, “The president decided, at least in the last couple years if not more, to rule by edict.”

Mr. Obama’s political opponents saw the climate rules as a ripe opportunity. “When the president went the regulatory route, it gave our side more confidence,” Mr. Phillips said. “It hardened and broadened Republican opposition to this agenda.”

Starting in early 2014, the opponents of the rule — including powerful lawyers and lobbyists representing many of America’s largest manufacturing and industrial interests — regularly gathered in a large conference room at the national headquarters of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, overlooking the White House. They drafted a long-game legal strategy to undermine Mr. Obama’s climate regulations in a coordinated campaign that brought together 28 state attorneys general and major corporations to form an argument that they expected to eventually take to the Supreme Court.

They presented it not as an environmental fight but an economic one, against a government that was trying to vastly and illegally expand its authority.

“This is the most significant wholesale regulation of energy that the United States has ever seen, by any agency,” Roger R. Martella Jr., a former E.P.A. lawyer who then represented energy companies, said at a gathering of industry advocates, making an assertion that has not been tested.

Republican attorneys general gathered at the Greenbrier resort in West Virginia in August 2015 for their annual summer retreat, with some special guests: four executives from Murray Energy, one of the nation’s largest coal mining companies.

Murray was struggling to avoid bankruptcy — a fate that had befallen several other coal mining companies already, given the slump in demand for their product and the rise of natural gas, solar and wind energy.

The coal industry came to discuss a new part of the campaign to reverse the country’s course on climate change. Litigation was going to be needed, the industry executives and the Republican attorneys general agreed, to block the Obama administration’s climate agenda — at least until a new president could be elected.

West Virginia’s attorney general, Patrick Morrisey, led the session, “The Dangerous Consequences of the Clean Power Plan & Other E.P.A. Rules,” which included, according to the agenda, Scott Pruitt, then the attorney general of Oklahoma; Ken Paxton, Texas’ attorney general; and Geoffrey Barnes, a corporate lawyer for Murray, which had donated $250,000 to the Republican attorneys general political group.

That same day, Mr. Morrissey would step outside the hotel to announce that he and other attorneys general would sue in federal court to try to stop the Clean Power Plan, which he called “the most far-reaching energy regulation in this nation’s history, drawn up by radical bureaucrats.”

Mr. Pruitt quickly became a national point person for industry-backed groups and a magnet for millions of dollars of campaign contributions, as the fossil fuel lobby looked for a fresh face with conservative credentials and ties to the evangelical community.

“Pruitt was instrumental — he and A.G. Morrisey,” said Thomas Pyle, a former lobbyist for Koch Industries, an adviser to Mr. Trump’s transition team and the president of a pro-fossil fuel Washington research organization, the Institute for Energy Research. “They led the charge and made it easier for other states to get involved. Some states were keeping their powder dry, but Pruitt was very out front and aggressive.”

After the litigation was filed — by Mr. Morrissey and Mr. Pruitt, along with other attorneys general who attended the Greenbrier meeting — Murray Energy sued in the federal court case as well, just as had been planned.

In February 2016, the Supreme Court indicated that it would side with opponents of the rule, moving by a 5-4 vote to grant a request by the attorneys general and corporate players to block the implementation of the Clean Power Plan while the case worked its way through the federal courts.

When Donald J. Trump decided to run for president, he did not appear to have a clear understanding of the nation’s climate change policies. Nor, at the start of his campaign, did he appear to have any specific plan to prioritize a huge legal push to roll those policies back.

Mr. Trump had, in 2012, said on Twitter, “The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.” But he had also, in 2009, joined dozens of other business leaders to sign a full-page ad in the The New York Times urging Mr. Obama to push a global climate change pact being negotiated in Copenhagen, and to “strengthen and pass United States legislation” to tackle climate change.

However, it did not go unnoticed that coal country was giving his presidential campaign a wildly enthusiastic embrace, as miners came out in full force for Mr. Trump, stoking his populist message.

And the surest way for Mr. Trump to win cheers from coal crowds was to aim at an easy target: Mr. Obama’s climate rules. Hillary Clinton did not help her cause when she said last spring that her climate policies would “put a lot of coal miners and coal companies out of business.”

In May 2016, Mr. Trump addressed one of the largest rallies of his campaign: an estimated crowd of over 10,000 in Charleston, W.Va., where the front rows were crammed with mine workers.

“I’m thinking about miners all over the country,” he said, eliciting cheers. “We’re going to put miners back to work.”

“They didn’t used to have all these rules and regulations that make it impossible to compete,” he added. “We’re going to take it all off the table.”

Then an official from the West Virginia Coal Association handed the candidate a miner’s hat.

As he put it on, giving the miners a double thumbs-up, “The place just went nuts, and he loved it,” recalled Barry Bennett, a former adviser to Mr. Trump’s presidential campaign. “And the miners started showing up at everything. They were a beaten lot, and they saw him as a savior. So he started using the ‘save coal’ portions of the speech again and again.”

Mr. Trump’s advisers embraced the miners as emblematic of the candidate’s broader populist appeal.

“The coal miners were the perfect case for what he was talking about,” Mr. Bennett said, “the idea that for the government in Washington, it’s all right for these people to suffer for the greater good — that federal power is more important than your little lives.”

CreditTy Wright for The New York Times

Mr. Trump took on as an informal campaign adviser Robert E. Murray — chief executive of the same coal company that had been working closely for years with the Republican attorneys general to unwind the Obama environmental legacy.

Mr. Murray, a brash and folksy populist who started working in coal mines as a teenager, is an unabashed skeptic of climate science. The coal magnate and Mr. Trump had a natural chemistry, and where Mr. Trump lacked the legal and policy background to unwind climate policy, Mr. Murray was happy to step in.

“I thank my lord, Jesus Christ, for the election of Donald Trump,” Mr. Murray said soon after his new friend won the White House.

Mr. Trump appointed Mr. Ebell, the Competitive Enterprise Institute fellow who had worked for years to undermine the legitimacy of established climate science, to head the transition team at E.P.A. Mr. Ebell immediately began pushing for an agenda of gutting the Obama climate regulations and withdrawing from the Paris Agreement.

When it came time to translate Mr. Trump’s campaign promises to coal country into policy, Mr. Murray and others helped choose the perfect candidate: Mr. Pruitt, the Oklahoma attorney general.

Mr. Trump, who had never met Mr. Pruitt before his election, offered him the job of E.P.A. administrator — putting him in a position to dismantle the environmental rules that he had long sought to fight in court.

Meanwhile, Mr. Trump wanted to be seen delivering on the promises he had made to the miners. As controversies piled up in his young administration, he sought comfort in the approval of his base.

In March, Mr. Trump signed an executive order directing Mr. Pruitt to begin unwinding the Clean Power Plan — and he did so at a large public ceremony at the E.P.A., flanked by coal miners and coal executives. Mr. Murray beamed in the audience.

Meanwhile, a battle raged at the White House over whether to withdraw the United States from the Paris agreement. Mr. Trump’s daughter Ivanka and his secretary of state, Rex W. Tillerson, urged him to remain in, cautioning that withdrawing could be devastating to the United States’ foreign policy credentials.

Murray Energy — despite its enormous clout with Mr. Trump and his top environmental official — boasts a payroll with only 6,000 employees. The coal industry nationwide is responsible for about 160,000 jobs, with just 65,000 directly in mining, according to the federal Energy Information Administration.

By comparison, General Electric alone has 104,000 employees in the United States, and Apple has 80,000. Their chief executives openly pressed Mr. Trump to stick with Paris, as did dozens of other major corporations that have continued to support regulatory efforts to combat climate change.

But these voices did not have clout in Washington, either in Congress or at the White House, when it comes to energy policy.

Mr. Trump’s senior adviser, Stephen K. Bannon, backed by Mr. Pruitt, told the president that pulling out of the deal would mean a promise kept to his base.

“It is time to put Youngstown, Ohio; Detroit, Michigan; and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania — along with many, many other locations within our great country — before Paris, France,” Mr. Trump said in his Rose Garden speech on Thursday. “It is time to make America great again.”

CreditJoe Raedle/Getty Images

The recognition that human activity is influencing the climate developed slowly, but a scientific consensus can be traced to a conference in southern Austria in October 1985. Among the 100 or so attendees who gathered in the city of Villach, nestled in the mountains along the Drava River, was Bert Bolin, a Swedish meteorologist and a pioneer in using computers to model the climate.

Dr. Bolin helped steer the conference to its conclusion: “It is now believed that in the first half of the next century a rise of global mean temperature could occur which is greater than any in man’s history,” he wrote in the conference’s 500-page report.

While the politics of climate change in the United States has grown more divided since then, the scientific community has united: Global warming is having an impact, scientists say, with sea levels rising along with the extremity of weather events. Most of the debate is about the extent of those impacts — how high the seas may rise, or how intense and frequent heavy storms or heat waves may be.

In recent years, many climate scientists have also dropped their reluctance to pin significant weather events on climate change. Studies have shown that certain events — a 2015 Australian heat wave, floods in France last year and recent high temperatures in the Arctic — were made more likely because of global warming.

But in Congress, reluctance to embrace that science has had no political downsides, at least among Republicans.

“We don’t yet have an example of where someone has paid a political price being on that side of it,” said Michael Steel, who served as press secretary for the former House speaker John A. Boehner, the Republican presidential candidate Jeb Bush and the current House speaker, Paul D. Ryan, during his 2012 run as Mitt Romney’s vice-presidential choice.

Instead, the messages of Mr. Pruitt still dominate.

“This is an historic restoration of American economic independence — one that will benefit the working class, the working poor and working people of all stripes,” Mr. Pruitt said on Thursday, stepping to the Rose Garden lectern after Mr. Trump. “We owe no apologies to other nations for our environmental stewardship.”

American voters — even many Republicans — recognize that climate change is starting to affect their lives. About 70 percent think global warming is happening, and about 53 percent think it is caused by human activities, according to a recent study by the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. About 69 percent support limiting carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants.

But most public opinion polls find that voters rank the environment last or nearly last among the issues that they vote on. And views are divided based on party affiliation. In 2001, 46 percent of Democrats said they worried “a great deal” about climate change, compared with 29 percent of Republicans, according to a Gallup tracking poll on the issue. This year, concern among Democrats has reached 66 percent. Among Republicans, it has fallen, to 18 percent.

Until people vote on the issue, Republicans will find it politically safer to question climate science and policy than to alienate moneyed groups like Americans for Prosperity.

There will be exceptions. The 2014 National Climate Assessment, a report produced by 14 federal agencies, concluded that climate change is responsible for much of the flooding now plaguing many of the Miami area’s coastal residents, soaking homes and disrupting businesses, and Representative Curbelo is talking about it.

“This is a local issue for me,” Mr. Curbelo said. “Even conservatives in my district see the impact. It’s flooding, and it’s happening now.”

Mr. Curbelo helped create the House Climate Solutions Caucus, 20 Republicans and 20 Democrats who say they are committed to tackling climate change.

Mr. Curbelo is confident that as the impact of climate change spreads, so will the willingness of his Republican colleagues to join him.

Outside of Congress, a small number of establishment conservatives, including a handful of leaders from the Reagan administration, have begun pushing Washington to act on climate change. Earlier this year, James A. Baker III, one of the Republican Party’s more eminent senior figures, met with senior White House officials to urge them to consider incorporating a carbon tax as part of a broader tax overhaul package — a way to both pay for proposed cuts to corporate tax rates and help save the planet. A Reagan White House senior economist, Art Laffer; a former secretary of state, George P. Shultz; and Henry M. Paulson Jr., George W. Bush’s final Treasury secretary, have also pushed the idea.

“There are members from deep-red districts who have approached me about figuring out how to become part of this effort,” Mr. Curbelo said. “I know we have the truth on our side. So I’m confident that we’ll win — eventually.”


An earlier version of this article misstated when the Supreme Court stayed the Obama administration’s Clean Power Plan, which regulated emissions from coal-fired power plants. It was in February 2016, not April.

Henry Fountain contributed reporting from New York.

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A version of this article appears in print on , on Page A1 of the New York edition with the headline: How G.O.P. Shifted on Climate Science. Order Reprints | Today’s Paper | Subscribe


Warum sind Planeten Kugeln und keine -sagen wir- Ro­ta­ti­ons­el­lip­so­ide mit Nasen und Dellen wie Kleopatra, der Asteroid?

Interessante Frage: warum sind Planeten Kugeln und keine Scheiben oder Rotationsellipsoide oder Kartoffelförmige? Ein Professor aus dem Münsterland gibt Antwort:

Astronomie+Physik Nachgefragt

Warum sind Planeten Kugeln?

17-05-04 Planeten.jpg
Kosmisches Ballspiel: Die Sonne und ihre "Kinder" (Bild: adventtr/iStock)
Schon in der Antike kamen die Gelehrten zu dem Schluss: Die Erde kann keine Scheibe sein – sie ist eine Kugel. Heute erscheint es uns völlig selbstverständlich, dass Planeten diese Form besitzen – aber warum sind sie denn eigentlich keine Scheiben oder riesige Kartoffeln, die durchs All schweben? Auf dieses Thema hat uns Kathrin W. aufmerksam gemacht – vielen Dank dafür!

Die Antwort weiß Ulrich Hansen, Direktor des Instituts für Geophysik der Universität Münster: „Der Grund für diese runde Form ist die Gravitation: Ab einer bestimmten Größe werden alle Massen intensiv zum Mittelpunkt eines Körpers gezogen – dadurch bildet sich dann eine Kugel“. Wie bei einem kosmischen Billard sind die Planeten unseres Sonnensystems durch die Kollision vieler kleiner Einzelstücke entstanden. Mit jeder Vereinigung wuchs die Schwerkraft dieser jungen Himmelskörper. Die wachsende Gravitationskraft zog dann nicht nur weitere Stücke an, sondern verstärkte auch die auf das eigene Zentrum gerichtete Anziehung. Irgendwann konnten sich Ausbuchtungen dann nicht mehr halten – die Planeten nahmen eine immer rundere Gestalt an.

Deshalb gilt auch die Regel: „Je größer Himmelskörper sind, desto ausgeprägter ist ihre Kugelform. Kleine Himmelskörper können dagegen durchaus recht buckelig sein“, sagt Hansen. Ein schönes Beispiel ist der Asteroid Kleopatra. Dieser Himmelskörper umkreist unsere Sonne wie ein Planet, hat aber nur einen Durchmesser von etwa 124 Kilometer. Deshalb reicht die Schwerkraft nicht aus, um Kleopatra zu einer Kugel zu formen – der Asteroid hat stattdessen die kuriose Form eines Hundeknochens.

Der Asteroid Kleopatra. (Credit: Stephen Ostro et al. (JPL), Arecibo Radio Telescope, NSF, NASA) Der Asteroid Kleopatra. (Credit: NASA)

Auch einige Monde der Planeten unseres Sonnensystems haben sich wegen ihrer geringen Schwerkraft nur schwach kugelförmig entwickelt. Beispielsweise sieht der Marsmond Phobos tatsächlich eher aus wie eine Kartoffel.


Die Erde ist ein Rotationsellipsoid mit Nasen und Dellen

„Aber auch die Erde und die anderen Planeten sind aus einem speziellen Grund keine perfekten Kugeln“, betont Hansen. Es sind sogenannte Rotationsellipsoide: Durch die Zentrifugalkraft, die bei der Drehbewegung der Planeten entsteht, dehnen sie sich am Äquator aus. Die Planeten sind also nicht wie Billardkugeln geformt, sondern leicht abgeplattet. Der Erdradius ist aus diesem Grund am Äquator um etwa 21 Kilometer größer als an den Polen.

Aber im Fall der Erde gibt es noch eine weitere Besonderheit, die sie vergleichsweise „bucklig“ macht: die Plattentektonik. Die Bewegungen der Kontinentalplatten drücken Gebirge empor, wie beispielsweise den Himalaya. Die Erde würde also beim Billard spielen nicht weit rollen, denn sie ist tatsächlich keine perfekte Kugel, sondern ein abgeflachter Himmelskörper mit vielen Nasen und Dellen.

Wenn Sie auch eine geeignete Frage für unsere Rubrik „Nachgefragt“ haben, schicken Sie uns einfach eine E-Mail an:


© wissenschaft.de – Martin Vieweg / dapd

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